Linlithgow Loch

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The eastern end of the loch, from the south. On the top right is Cormorant Island.

Linlithgow Loch lies immediately north of the town of Linlithgow in West Lothian, Scotland. 1.3 kilometres in length and 0.4 in breadth,[1] its area of 41 hectares[2] makes it the largest natural freshwater loch in Lothian.[3] It is, however, shallow, with a mean depth of 2.3 metres and a maximum depth of 9.2 metres.[2] The loch is fed by four small streams, the Hatchery Burn, the Bonnytoun Burn, the Springfield Burn, and Bell's Burn,[4] and drained by the Mill Burn on its western side, which eventually joins the Avon.[5]

The loch is the source of the town of Linlithgow's name; the British llyn laith cau translates to "lake in the damp hollow".[6] Two islets in the loch, Cormorant Island and the Rickle, are thought to be the 5,000 year old remains of crannogs.[7]

Fishing and boating[edit]

View of St Michael's Church and Linlithgow Palace, from the north shore.

Linlithgow Loch was once famed for its brown trout, but most of the sport today comes from stocked rainbow trout, regularly released by the Forth Area Federation of Anglers.[8]

The Low Port Centre, run by West Lothian Council, provides facilities for sailing, canoeing, kayaking, and windsurfing.[2]

Conservation[edit]

Urban and agricultural runoff make eutrophication a concern.[4] Algal blooms have affected the loch's value for wildlife and recreation.[2]

Linlithgow Loch is a Site of Special Scientific Interest due to it being an example of a lowland eutrophic loch and supporting representative examples of aquatic and emergent plant communities.[3]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Linlithgow: a historical perspective". The Gazetteer for Scotland. ...the extreme length being 6 ½ furlongs, and the width 2. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Linlithgow Loch". The Gazetteer for Scotland. 
  3. ^ a b "Citation: Linlithgow Loch, Site of Special Scientific Interest". Scottish Natural Heritage. 
  4. ^ a b "Linlithgow Loch and its wildlife". West Lothian Council. NB: the Hatchery Burn is shown unlabelled in the top right corner of the map.
  5. ^ "Mill Burn". The Gazetteer for Scotland. 
  6. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hodges, Flavia; Mills, David; Room, Adrian (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: the University Press. ISBN 0198605617. 
  7. ^ "Enjoy the wildfowl on a water-based meander". The Scotsman. January 2006. 
  8. ^ "Linlithgow Loch". Forth Area Federation of Anglers.