List of Zulu Regiments

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There were a number of Zulu Regiments[1][2] (known sometimes as "Impis"). Most were created during the reign of Shaka Zulu. This is a list of them.

List of Regiments[edit]

The Zulu deployment at Isandhlwana shows the well-organized tactical system of the impi. The left horn worked with the chest to pin the British down, drawing the bulk of their fire. The right horn meanwhile circled around the mountain to attack the English rear. The reserves struck deeper, cutting off and pursuing fugitives, and eventually attacking Rorke's Drift.[3]:49[4]:263-382
Name Date Raised Age Group
Birth Years
Ama-Wombe (Single Clash) 1816 1775-1785
U-Kangela (Look-out) 1816 1785-1790
Izin-Tenjana (ezakala O-Ngoye)[a] 1818-1819 1795-1798
U-Nomdayana 1820 1800
Ama-Pela [b] 1821 1801
Ama-Kwenkwe 1822-1826 1802-1806
Izi-Kwembu 1822-1826 1802-1806
Izi-Zimazane 1822-1826 1802-1806
Jubingqwanda (Shorn Head-rings) 1816 1785-1790
U-Dlambedlu (Wild Men) 1816 1790-1795
Um-Gumanqa 1818-1819 1797-1798[c]
Isi-Pezi 1818-1819 1797-1798[c]
U-Mbonambi 1818-1819 1797-1798[c]
U-Nteke 1818-1819 1797-1798[c]
U-Gibabanye or Kipabanye (The Expellers) 1820-1825 1800-1805
U-Fojisa 1820-1825 1800-1805
Im-Folozi 1820-1825 1800-1805
In-Dabakulu (The Great Affair) 1820-1825 1800-1805
Fasimba (The Haze) "Shaka's Own" [d] 1816
Izi-Cwe (The Bushmen) "Ngomane's Own" [d] 1816
U-Dlangezwa 1823-1824
Um-Ota 1823-1824
Ulu-Tuli 1823-1824
Izi-Nyosi (The Bees) [e] 1828

Divisions[edit]

  • Belebele Brigade/Division
  • Izim-Pohlo (Bachelors) or Isi-Klebe Division


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plovers who called out at Ngoye"
  2. ^ "The Cockroaches - Adopted from Zwide"
  3. ^ a b c d Heavy influx of men due to the collapse of the Mtetwas and Qwabes. These 4 regiments (Um-Gumanqa, Isi-Pezi, U-Mbonambi, U-Nteke) sometimes formed a sub-division.
  4. ^ a b Sometimes Fasimba (The Haze) Shaka's Own was grouped together with Izi-cwe (The Bushmen) Ngomane's Own as the Young Guard
  5. ^ Formed by Shaka from the senior u-dibi boys he withdrew from the Soshangane campaign in 1828

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dovey, John. "Resource Info: Shaka Zulu". South African Military Units. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  2. ^ Ritter, E.A. (1955). Shaka Zulu: The Rise of the Zulu Empire (5 ed.). Longmans, Green. 
  3. ^ Knight, Ian (2002). Isandlwana 1879: The Great Zulu Victory (Illustrated ed.). Osprey. ISBN 9781841765112. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  4. ^ Morris, Donald R. (1998). The Washing of the Spears: A History of the Rise of the Zulu Nation Under Shaka and Its Fall in the Zulu War of 1879 (Illustrated. Reprint ed.). Da Capo Press. ISBN 9780306808661. Retrieved 21 October 2014.