List of children's speech corpora
A child speech corpus is a speech corpus documenting first-language language acquisition. Such databases are used in the development of computer-assisted language learning systems and the characterization of children's speech at difference ages. Children's speech varies not only by language, but also by region within a language. It can also be different for specific groups like autistic children, especially when emotion is considered. Thus different databases are needed for different populations. Corpora are available for American and British English as well as for many other European languages.
Overview of Children's Speech Corpora
In the table below, the age range may be described in terms of school grades. "K" denotes "kindergarten" while "G" denotes "grade". For example, an age range of "K - G10" refers to speakers ranging from kindergarten age to grade 10.
This table is based on a paper from the Interspeech conference, 2016. This online article is intended to provide an interactive table for readers and a place where information about children speech corpora that can be updated continuously by the speech research community.
|Corpus||Author||Languages||# Speakers||# Utt.||Duration||Age Range||Date||Remarks|
|CMU Kids Corpus ||Eskenazi||English||24M, 52F||5180||6 - 11||1997|
|CSLU Kids' Speech Corpus ||Shobaki||English||1100||1017||K - G10||2007|
|PF-STAR Children's Speech Corpus ||Russell||English,||158||~14.5h||4 - 14||2006||word-level transcriptions|
|TBALL ||Kazemgadeh||English||256||5000||40h||K - G4||2005||partially non-native speech|
|CASS_CHILD ||Gao||Mandarin||23||1 - 4||2012||phonetic transcriptions|
|CU Children's Read and Prompted Speech Corpus ||Hagen||English||663||~100||K - G5||2001||consists of isolated words, sentences and short spontaneous story telling; word-level transcriptions|
|CU Story Corpus ||Hagen||English||106||5000||40h||G3 - G5||2003||consists of story prompts and spontaneous spoken summary of the material; word-level transcriptions|
|Providence Corpus ||Demuth||English||6||363h||1 - 3||2006||mother-child spontaneous speech interactions; broad phonetic transcription|
|Lyon Corpus ||Demuth||French||4||185h||1 - 3||2007||mother-child spontaneous speech interactions; broad phonetic transcription|
|Demuth Sesotho Corpus ||Demuth||Sesotho||4||~13250||98h||2 - 4||1992||family/peer spontaneous speech interactions; morphologically tagged|
|CHIEDE ||Garrote||Spanish||59||15444||~8h||2008||spontaneous conversation, personal interviews, adult-child interaction; orthographic transcriptions; automatic phonological transcription|
|TIDIGITS ||Leonard||English||326 (101 children)||6 - 15||1993||mix of adult and child speakers|
|FAU Aibo Emotion Corpus||Steidl||German||51||9h||10 - 13||human-annotated with 11 emotion categories|
|Swedish NICE Corpus ||Bell||5580||8 - 15||2005||consists of child-machine and adult-child interactions; orthographic transcriptions|
|SingaKids-Mandarin ||Chen||Mandarin||255||79,843||125h||7 - 12||2016||word and phone-level transcriptions; human-annotated proficiency ratings|
- Habernal, Ivan; Vaclav, Matousek (2013). Text, Speech, and Dialogue: 16th International Conference, TSD 2013, Pilsen, Czech Republic, September 1-5, 2013, Proceedings. Springer. p. 545. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Neustein, Amy (2014). Speech and Automata in Health Care. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 225–226. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Ronzhin, Andrey; Potapova, Rodmonga; Fakotakis, Nikos (2015). Speech and Computer: 17th International Conference, SPECOM 2015, Athens, Greece, September 20-24, 2015, Proceedings. Springer. pp. 144–145. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- Nancy F. Chen, Rong Tong, Darren Wee, Peixuan Lee, Bin Ma and Haizhou Li. SingaKids-Mandarin: Speech Corpus of Singaporean Children Speaking Mandarin Chinese, in Proc. of Interspeech, 2016.
- Maxine Eskenazi, Jack Mostow, and David Graff. The CMU Kids Corpus LDC97S63. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 1997.
- Khaldoun Shobaki, John-Paul Hosom, and Ronald Cole. CSLU: Kids' Speech Version 1.1 LDC2007S18. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 2007.
- Martin Russell. The PF-STAR British English Children's Speech Corpus. The Speech Ark Limited. 2006.
- Anton Batliner, Mats Blomberg, Shona D'Arcy, Daniel Elenius, Diego Giuliani, Matteo Gerosa, Christian Hacker, Martin Russell, Stefan Steidl, Michael Wong. The PF STAR Children’s Speech Corpus. In Proc. of Interspeech, 2005.
- Manny Rayner, Nikos Tsourakis, Claudia Baur, Pierrette Bouillon, Johanna Gerlach. CALL-SLT: A Spoken CALL System based on grammar and speech recognition. In Linguistic Issues in Language Technology, vol. 10, issue 2. 2014.
- Abe Kazemzadeh, Hong You, Markus Iseli, Barbara Jones, Xiaodong Cui, Margaret Heritage, Patti Price, Elaine Anderson, Shrikanth Narayanan and Abeer Alwan. TBALL Data Collection: The Making of a Young Children's Speech Corpus, in Proc. of Interspeech, 2005.
- Jun Gao, Aijun Li and Ziyu Xiong. Mandarin Multimedia Child Speech Corpus: CASS_CHILD in International Conference on Speech Database and Assessments (Oriental COCOSDA), 2012.
- Andreas Hagen, Bryan Pellom and Ronald Cole. Children's Speech Recognition with Application to Interactive Books and Tutors in IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding, 2003.
- Demuth, K., Culbertson, J. & Alter, J. 2006. Word-minimality, epenthesis, and coda licensing in the acquisition of English. Language & Speech, 49, 137-174.
- Demuth, K. & A. Tremblay. 2007. Prosodically-conditioned variability in children's production of French determiners. Journal of Child Language, 34, 1-29.
- Demuth, K. 1992. Acquisition of Sesotho. In D. Slobin (ed.), The Cross-Linguistic Study of Language Acquisition, vol 3, 557-638. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Marta Garrote. CHIEDE: A Spontaneous Child Language Corpus of Spanish. Ph.D. thesis, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. 2008.
- R. Gary Leonard, and George Doddington. TIDIGITS LDC93S10. Web Download. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium, 1993.
- Linda Bell, Johan Boyce, Joakim Gustafson, Mattias Heldner, Anders Lindström and Mats Wirén. The Swedish NICE Corpus - Spoken Dialogues between Children and Embodied Characters in a Computer Game Scenario, in Proc. of Eurospeech, 2005.