List of colonial governors of Spanish Sahara

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Spanish Sahara (orange), 1959.
Coat of arms of the Spanish Sahara

This is a list of European colonial administrators responsible for the territory of Spanish Sahara, an area equivalent to modern-day Western Sahara.

List[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Incumbent Notes
Spanish suzerainty
3 November 1884 to 10 July 1885 Emilio Bonelli Hernando, Commandant
Royal Commissioner on the West Coast of Africa
10 July 1885 to 6 April 1887 Emilio Bonelli Hernando, Royal Commissioner Arrives in Rio de Oro on 26 August 1885
Political and Military Subgovernors of Río de Oro
(subordinated to the captains-general of the Canary Islands)
6 April 1887 to bf. 1902 Emilio Bonelli Hernando, Subgovernor
1902 to 1 December 1903 Ángel Villalobos, Subgovernor
1 December 1903 to 1913 Francisco Bens Argandoña, Subgovernor
Delegates of the High Commissioner in the Southern Zone of the Spanish protectorate in Morocco
(subordinated to Spanish high commissioners in Morocco)
1913 to 7 November 1925 Francisco Bens Argandoña, Delegate
7 November 1925 to 19 June 1932 Guillermo de la Peña Cusi, Delegate
19 June 1932 to 30 August 1933 Eduardo Cañizares Navarro, Delegate
30 August 1933 to 1 July 1934 José González Deleito, Delegate
1 July 1934 to 29 August 1934 Benigno Martínez Portillo, Delegate
Government delegates in the Sahara
(subordinated to Spanish high commissioners in Morocco)
29 August 1934 to 4 May 1936 Benigno Martínez Portillo, Government Delegate
4 May 1936 to 7 August 1936 Carlos Pedemonte Sabin, Government Delegate
7 August 1936 to 12 March 1937 Rafael Gallego Sainz, Government Delegate
12 March 1937 to 17 May 1940 Antonio de Oro Pulido, Government Delegate
Politico-Military Governor of Ifni and the Sahara and Delegate of the High Commissioner in the Southern Zone of the Spanish protectorate in Morocco
(subordinated to Spanish high commissioners in Morocco)
17 May 1940 to 24 July 1946 José Bermejo López, Governor
Governors of the Government of Spanish West Africa
24 July 1946 to 17 August 1949 José Bermejo López, Governor
17 August 1949 to 29 March 1952 Francisco Rosaleny Burguet, Governor
29 March 1952 to 26 February 1954 Venancio Tutor Gil, Governor
26 February 1954 to 23 May 1957 Ramón Pardo de Santayana y Suárez, Governor
23 May 1957 to 10 January 1958 Mariano Gómez Zamalloa y Quirce, Governor Served at the start of the Ifni War
Governors-general of Spanish Sahara
10 January 1958 to 22 July 1958 José Héctor Vázquez, Governor-General Served at the end of the Ifni War
27 July 1958 to 6 October 1961 Mariano Alonso Alonso, Governor-General
13 October 1961 to 21 February 1964 Pedro Latorre Alcubierre, Governor-General
6 March 1964 to 5 November 1965 Joaquín Agulla y Jiménez-Coronado, Governor-General
5 November 1965 to 26 November 1965 Adolfo Artalejo Campos, Governor-General
5 December 1965 to 2 February 1967 Ángel Enríquez Larrondo, Governor-General
18 February 1967 to 4 March 1971 José María Pérez de Lema Tejero, Governor-General Served at the time of the Zemla Intifada
4 March 1971 to 6 June 1974 Fernando de Santiago y Díaz de Mendívil, Governor-General
6 June 1974 to 6 February 1976 Federico Gómez de Salazar y Nieto, Governor-General Served at the time of the Green March
14 February 1976 Spain announces it has transferred sovereignty to Morocco
26 February 1976 Spain terminates its administration
27 February 1976 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic proclaimed by the Polisario Front
14 April 1976 Spanish Sahara is partitioned by Morocco (claiming Southern Provinces) and Mauritania (claiming Tiris al-Gharbiyya)
11 August 1979 Mauritanian part of the territory annexed by Morocco

See also[edit]

External links[edit]