List of constituents of British Railways

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The following is a list of constituents of British Railways. British Railways (BR) was formed by nationalisation on 1 January 1948 in accordance with the Transport Act 1947. It had four major constituents, but there were a number of joint lines between these, and additionally some light railways were taken into the fold. Even then, some light railways were not nationalised.

Major constituents[edit]

The major constituents (the "Big Four") were:

Joint railways[edit]

Joint railways between the four major constituents (and others) were:

  • Axholme Joint Railway Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Cheshire Lines Committee (23 LNER, 13 LMS)
  • Dumbarton and Balloch Joint Railway (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Dundee and Arbroath Joint Railway (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Forth Bridge Railway Company (23 LNER, 13 LMS)
  • Grangemouth Branch Railway (LMS, LNER)
  • Great Central and Midland Joint Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Great Central and North Staffordshire Joint Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Great Central and North Western Railways Joint Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Great Central, Hull and Barnsley and Midland Committee (23 LNER, 13 LMS)
  • Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Great Western and Great Central Railways Joint Committee (12 GWR, 12 LNER)
  • Great Western and Great Central (Banbury Junction Railway) Joint Committee (12 GWR, 12 LNER)
  • Halifax and Ovenden Joint Committee (LMS, LNER)
  • Halifax High Level Joint Committee (LMS, LNER)
  • London, Midland and Scottish and Great Western Railways Joint Committee (12 GWR, 12 LMS)
  • Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway Company (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Midland and North Eastern Railway Companies Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Mid-Nottinghamshire Joint Railway Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Norfolk and Suffolk Joint Railways Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Oldham, Ashton-under-Lyne and Guide Bridge Junction Railway Company
  • Otley and Ilkley Joint Line Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)
  • Severn & Wye Joint Railway (12 LMS, 12 GWR)
  • Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway (12 SR, 12 LMS)
  • South Yorkshire Joint Line Committee (12 LMS, 12 LNER)

Joint railways between the four major constituents and others were:

  • East London Railway Joint Committee (16 LNER, 12 SR, 13 London Transport)
  • Metropolitan and Great Central Joint Committee (12 LNER, 12 London Transport)
  • Watford Joint Railway Committee (12 LNER, 12 London Transport)

Minor railways and Light railways[edit]

Irish railways[edit]

Irish railways owned by the LMS (the Northern Counties Committee lines) were also acquired but were quickly sold on to the Government of Northern Ireland.