List of ecoregions in Minnesota

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Minnesota ecoregions map prepared by the United States Environmental Protection Agency

The list of ecoregions in Minnesota provides an overview to the ecoregions (see also, ecosystem) in the U.S. state of Minnesota,[1] as defined by the Environmental Protection Agency/Commission for Environmental Cooperation, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and the World Wildlife Fund.

Environmental Protection Agency/Commission for Environmental Cooperation[2][3][edit]

Level I Level III Level IV
9 – Great Plains
9.2 – Temperate Prairies
46 – Northern Glaciated Plains 46e – Tewaukon Big Stone Stagnation Moraine
46k – Prairie Coteau
46l – Prairie Coteau Escarpment

46m – Big Sioux Basin
46o – Minnesota River Prairie

47 – Western Corn Belt Plains 47a – Loess Prairies
47b – Des Moines Lobe
47c – Eastern Iowa and Minnesota Drift Plains
47g – Lower St Crois and Vermillion Valleys
48 – Lake Agassiz Plain 48a – Glacial Lake Agassiz Basin
48b – Beach Ridges and Sand Deltas
48d – Lake Agassiz Plains
5 – Northern Forests
5.2 – Mixed Wood Shield
49 – Northern Minnesota Wetlands 49a – Peatlands
49b – Forested Lake Plains
50 – Northern Lakes and Forests 50a – Lake Superior Lacustrine Clay Plain
50b – Minnesota/Wisconsin Upland Till Plain
50m – Mesabi Range
50n – Boundary Lakes and Hills
50o – Glacial Lakes Upham and Aitken
50p – Toimi Drumlins
50q – Itasca and St Louis Moraines
50r – Chippewa Plains
50s – Nashwauk/Marcell Moraines and Uplands
50t – North Shore Highlands Subsection
8 – Eastern Temperate Forest
8.1 – Mixed Wood Plains
51 – North Central Hardwood Forests 51a – St. Croix Outwash Plain and Stagnation Plains
51h – Anoka Sand Plain and Mississippi Valley
51i – Big Woods
51j – Alexandria Moraines and Detroit Lakes Outwash Plains
51k – McGraw Till Plain and Drumlins
51l – Wadena/Todd Drumlins and Osakis Till Plain
52 – Driftless Area 52b – Blufflands and Coulees
52c – Rochester/Paleozoic Plateau Upland

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources[edit]

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources divides the state of Minnesota into regions based on the agency's Ecological Classification System (ECS), which follows the guidelines set forth by the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units. [4]

Provinces Sections Subsections
212 – Laurentian Mixed Forest Province 212J – Southern Superior Uplands 212Ja – Glacial Lake Superior Plain
212Jd – St. Croix Moraine
212K – Western Superior Uplands 212Kb – Mille Lacs Uplands
212L – Northern Superior Uplands 212La – Border Lakes
212Lb – North Shore Highlands
212Lc – Nashwauk Uplands
212Ld – Toimi Uplands
212Le – Laurentian Uplands
212M – Northern Minnesota and Ontario Peatlands 212Ma – Littlefork-Vermillion Uplands
212Mb – Agassiz Lowlands
212N – Northern Minnesota Drift and Lake Plains 212Na – Chippewa Plains
212Nb – St. Louis Moraines
212Nc – Pine Moraines and Outwash Plains
212Nd – Tamarack Lowlands
222 – Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province 222L – Paleozoic Plateau 222Lc – The Blufflands
222Lf – Rochester Plateau
222M – Minnesota and Northeast Iowa Morainal 222Ma – Hardwood Hills
222Mb – Big Woods
222Mc – Anoka Sand Plain
222Md – St. Paul-Baldwin Plains
222Me – Oak Savanna
223 – Tallgrass Aspen Parkland Province 223N – Lake Agassiz, Aspen Parklands 223Na – Aspen Parklands
251 –Prairie Parkland Province 251A – Red River Valley 251Aa – Red River Prairie
251B – North Central Glaciated Plains 251Ba – Minnesota River Prairie
251Bb – Coteau Moraines
251Bc – Inner Coteau

World Wildlife Fund[edit]


  1. ^ "Interactive Map of Minnesota Level 4 Ecoregions". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  2. ^ "Ecological Regions of North America" (pdf). Commission for Environmental Cooperation. 26 May 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  3. ^ "Minnesota Level III and IV Ecoregions" (pdf). United States Environmental Protection Agency. 11 May 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Ecological Land Classification Hierarchy". Ecological Classification System. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-11.