List of extant pinfolds in Cheshire

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Capenhurst pinfold

A pinfold was a structure into which straying animals were placed until they were retrieved by their owner on payment of a fine. Other terms for the structure were penfold or pound. These names were derived from the Old English words pund (pound) and fuld (fold).[1] In Cheshire, most of these were square or circular stone structures, although there is a circular pinfold in Henbury.[2] There is evidence of the existence of at least 153 pinfolds in Cheshire,[3] although as of 2010 only eight of these remain in the current county of Cheshire.[4] There are also the remains of four other pinfolds in the county.[5]

Key[edit]

Grade Criteria[6]
II Buildings of national importance and special interest
Extant pinfolds, locations, and any listed building grade[4]
Location Map ref and coordinates Photograph Dimensions Notes Grading
Capenhurst SJ366737
53°15′26″N 2°57′06″W / 53.25722°N 2.95159°W / 53.25722; -2.95159 (Capenhurst)
Capenhurst pinfold - DSC06406.JPG Approximately 6 metres (19 ft 8 in) square.
Walls 1.4 metres (4 ft 7 in) high
Coursed sandstone walls with capstones II[7]
Great Budworth SJ686792
53°18′33″N 2°28′20″W / 53.30926°N 2.47210°W / 53.30926; -2.47210 (Great Budworth)
The Pinfold, Bate Heath - geograph.org.uk - 147698.jpg Approximately 10 metres (32 ft 10 in) square.
Walls 1.4 metres (4 ft 7 in) high
Coursed sandstone walls with capstones II[8]
Harthill SJ500552
53°05′32″N 2°44′50″W / 53.09218°N 2.74719°W / 53.09218; -2.74719 (Harthill)
Probably: front and back walls 6 metres (19 ft 8 in),
side walls 3 metres (9 ft 10 in),
height 2 metres (6 ft 7 in)
Roof and additional walling added.
Now used as a storage shed.
Henbury SJ862727
53°15′05″N 2°12′26″W / 53.25135°N 2.20729°W / 53.25135; -2.20729 (Henbury)
Circular, approximately 4.5 metres (14 ft 9 in) diameter
walls approximately 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in) high
Roughly coursed sandstone rubble with flat cement coping II[9]
Hoole Village SJ433687
53°12′46″N 2°51′02″W / 53.21280°N 2.85058°W / 53.21280; -2.85058 (Hoole)
Hoole Pinfold.jpg 5 metres (16 ft 5 in) square
height 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in)
Coursed sandstone II[10]
Little Budworth SJ593654
53°11′05″N 2°36′37″W / 53.18464°N 2.61019°W / 53.18464; -2.61019 (Little Budworth)
6.5 metres (21 ft 4 in) square
height 1.6 metres (5 ft 3 in)
Coursed sandstone walls with capstones II[11]
Sutton Lane Ends SJ927716
53°14′30″N 2°06′37″W / 53.24166°N 2.11016°W / 53.24166; -2.11016 (Sutton Lane Ends)
Front wall 7.7 metres (25 ft 3 in) height 1.85 metres (6 ft 1 in);
back wall 7.7 metres (25 ft 3 in) height 1 metre (3 ft 3 in);
side walls 6 metres (19 ft 8 in) height 1 metre (3 ft 3 in)
Coursed sandstone walls with capstones.
?
Wardle SJ609572
53°06′39″N 2°35′03″W / 53.11084°N 2.58418°W / 53.11084; -2.58418 (Wardle)
4.2 metres (13 ft 9 in) square
height 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in)
Coursed sandstone walls with capstones. II[12]
Extant remains of pinfolds, locations, and any listed building grade[5]
Location Map ref and coordinates Photograph Dimensions Notes Grading
Bickerton SJ515538
53°04′48″N 2°43′31″W / 53.07997°N 2.72518°W / 53.07997; -2.72518 (Bickerton)
Originally approximately: front and back walls 6 metres (19 ft 8 in),
side walls 4 metres (13 ft 1 in),
height 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in)
Remains of sandstone side walls up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in places. Little remains of back wall; front wall gone.
Poole SJ639554
53°05′43″N 2°32′24″W / 53.09520°N 2.54007°W / 53.09520; -2.54007 (Poole)
Pinfold Poole Bank.jpg Formerly 3 metres (9 ft 10 in) square.
Walls 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) high
Built in red sandstone rubble, now partly demolished. II[13]
Shocklach SJ438492
53°02′15″N 2°50′18″W / 53.03759°N 2.83829°W / 53.03759; -2.83829 (Shocklach)
A restored enclosure: front and back walls 5.2 metres (17 ft 1 in),
side walls 3.6 metres (11 ft 10 in),
height 1 metre (3 ft 3 in)
Post and rail ences at the back and sides; front open to the road. Contains the Shocklach Millennium Cross
Tarvin SJ491669
53°11′50″N 2°45′46″W / 53.19725°N 2.76288°W / 53.19725; -2.76288 (Tarvin)
As of 2010 undergoing excavation

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hayns 2010, p. 27.
  2. ^ Hayns 2010, pp. 28–29.
  3. ^ Hayns 2010, pp. 44–45.
  4. ^ a b Hayns 2010, pp. 46–47.
  5. ^ a b Hayns 2010, p. 47.
  6. ^ Listed Buildings, Historic England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  7. ^ Historic England, "The Old Pinfold, Capenhurst (1115741)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  8. ^ Historic England, "The Pinfold, Aston by Budworth (1139510)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  9. ^ Historic England, "Pinfold opposite Henbury Smithy, Henbury (1139297)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  10. ^ Historic England, "Pinfold, Hoole Village (1229371)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  11. ^ Historic England, "Pinfold, Little Budworth (1139199)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  12. ^ Historic England, "Wardle Pinfold (1138609)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
  13. ^ Historic England, "Pinfold 150 yards northwest of Poole Bank, Poole (1136498)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 29 March 2015 
Bibliography
  • Hayns, David (2010), "'Thrown into the Verge': Cheshire's Vanishing Pinfolds", Cheshire History, Cheshire Local History Association, 50, ISSN 0141-8696 

External links[edit]

Media related to Pinfolds in Cheshire at Wikimedia Commons