List of hydrodynamic instabilities named after people

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This is a list of hydrodynamic and plasma instabilities named after people (eponymous instabilities).

Instability Field Person(s) Named After
Bénard instability Natural convection, Rayleigh–Bénard convection Henri Bénard
Benjamin–Feir instability Surface gravity waves T. Brooke Benjamin and Jim E. Feir
Buneman instability Plasma physics Oscar Buneman
Cherenkov instability Plasma physics Pavel Alekseevič Čerenkov
Chromo-Weibel instability Plasma physics E. S. Weibel
Crow instability Aerodynamics S. C. Crow
Darrieus–Landau instability Flame propagation G. Darrieus and Lev Landau
Faraday instability Vibrating fluid surfaces M. Faraday
Kelvin–Helmholtz instability Shear flows Lord Kelvin and Hermann von Helmholtz
Holmboe instability Stratified shear flows Jørgen Holmboe
Taylor–Caulfield instability Stratified shear flows Geoffrey Ingram Taylor and Colm-cille P. Caulfield
Peratt instability[citation needed] Plasma physics Anthony Peratt
Plateau–Rayleigh instability Stability of jets and drops Joseph Plateau and Lord Rayleigh
Rayleigh–Taylor instability Density-stratified flows, Astrophysics Lord Rayleigh and Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
Richtmyer–Meshkov instability Plasma physics, Astrophysics R. D. Richtmyer and E. E. Meshkov
Saffman–Taylor instability Flow in porous medium Philip Saffman and Geoffrey Ingram Taylor
Taylor–Couette instability Flow in rotating cylinder Geoffrey Ingram Taylor and Maurice Marie Alfred Couette
Velikhov instability Plasma physics (non-equilibrium MHD) Evgeny Velikhov
Weibel instability Plasma physics E. S. Weibel

See also[edit]


  • Chandrashekhar, S., Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability, Dover Publications, New York (1981).
  • Drazin, P. G. and W. H. Reid, Hydrodynamic Stability, Cambridge Univ. Press, London (1981).