List of obelisks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of all obelisks built after the 17th century. See List of obelisks in Rome for ancient obelisks.

Modern obelisks[edit]

(Listed in date order)

17th century[edit]

Obelisk name Image Location Country Elevation Completed Coordinates Notes
m ft
Fontaine des Quatre Dauphins Fontaine-des-Quatre-Dauphins in Aix-en-Provence.JPG Aix-en-Provence France 1667 43°31′35″N 5°26′44″E / 43.52639°N 5.44556°E / 43.52639; 5.44556

18th century[edit]

Obelisk name Image Location Country Elevation Completed Coordinates Notes
m ft
Market Square obelisk The obelisk, Ripon market place (geograph 4950159).jpg Ripon United Kingdom 24 80 1702 The first large scale obelisk in Britain.[1]
Stillorgan Obelisk Stillorgan Obelisk Tower.jpg Stillorgan, Dublin Ireland 30 100 1727
St Luke Church Finsbury st lukes 1.jpg London United Kingdom circa 1727–33 spire by Nicholas Hawksmoor
Boyne Obelisk Square obelisk by footbridge with iron railing over wide stream, woods in background, Drogheda, Co. Meath cleaned up version.jpg Oldbridge, County Louth Ireland 53 174 1736 To commemorate William of Orange's victory at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 (destroyed in 1923, only the base remains).
Conolly's Folly Conollys Folly - the obelisk.jpg Leixlip, County Kildare Ireland 1740
Killiney Hill Obelisk Killiney Hill Obelisk 2.jpg Killiney, County Dublin Ireland 1742
Mamhead obelisk Obelisk, Mamhead - geograph.org.uk - 814943.jpg Mamhead United Kingdom 30 100 1742–1745 An aid to shipping.[2]
General Wolfe's Obelisk Stowe, Wolfe's Obelisk - geograph.org.uk - 152791.jpg Stowe School, Buckinghamshire United Kingdom 1754
Montreal Park Obelisk Riverhead, Sevenoaks, Kent United Kingdom 1761 Lord Jeffery Amherst's Obelisk.[3]
St George's Circus Obelisk St George's Obelisk.jpg St George's Circus, London United Kingdom 1771 Obelisk by Robert Mylne
Kagul Obelisk Kagul obelisk.jpg Tsarskoe Selo Russia 1772
Chesma Obelisk Gatchina. Chesmensky obelisk. 2010 (2).jpg Gatchina Russia 1775
Villa Medici Giardini di villa medici, piazzale, fontana con copia obelisco di boboli (un tempo qui).JPG Rome Italy 1790 A 19th-century copy of the Egyptian obelisk moved to the Boboli Gardens in Florence
Obelisk Fountain Restored Obelisk Fountain on James street in Dublin 1790.jpg James St., Dublin Ireland 1790
Constable Obelisk Gatchina obelisk.JPG Gatchina Palace, Gatchina Russia 1793
Moore-Vallotton Incident marker Wexford Ireland 1793 [4]
Rumyantsev Obelisk Rumyantsev skver.jpg St Petersburg Russia 1799
Obelisk at Slottsbacken Obelisken.jpg Stockholm Sweden 1800

19th century[edit]

Obelisk name Image Location Country Elevation Completed Coordinates Notes
m ft
Nelson memorial Springfield Park Liverpool, England United Kingdom circa 1805
St. Emmeram's Palace Obelisk Obelisk Emmeramsplatz Regensburg-1.JPG Regensburg, Bavaria Germany circa 1810
Constitution Obelisk St. Augustine, Florida United States 1814 In commemoration of the Spanish Constitution of 1812
Brightling Needle Brightling, East Sussex United Kingdom 20 65 circa 1815 [5]
Patriots' Grave, Old Burying Ground Patriots' Grave, Old Burying Ground, Arlington, Massachusetts.JPG Arlington, Massachusetts United States 1818 42°24′58″N 71°09′31″W / 42.41611°N 71.15861°W / 42.41611; -71.15861
George IV Monument Dun laoghaire obelisk.jpg Dún Laoghaire, County Dublin Ireland 1823
Blantyre Monument Monument near Bishopton - geograph.org.uk - 448575.jpg Erskine, Renfrewshire United Kingdom 24 80 circa 1825 [6]
Captain Cook's Monument Easby Moor, Great Ayton, North Yorkshire United Kingdom 15.5 51 1827 [7]
Groton Monument GrotonMemorial.jpg Fort Griswold, Groton, Connecticut United States 41 135 1830 41°21′18″N 72°4′46″W / 41.35500°N 72.07944°W / 41.35500; -72.07944 [8]
Bunker Hill Monument Bunker hill 2009.JPG Charlestown, Massachusetts United States 67 221 1827-43 42°22′35″N 71°03′41″W / 42.37639°N 71.06139°W / 42.37639; -71.06139 [9]
Spencer Monument Ponsonby Obelisk.jpeg Blata l-Bajda Malta 1831
(relocated 1893)
35°53′17″N 14°29′53″E / 35.88806°N 14.49806°E / 35.88806; 14.49806 [10]
Thomas Jefferson Obelisk, Monticello Charlottesville, Virginia United States 1833 38°00′37″N 78°27′08″W / 38.01028°N 78.45222°W / 38.01028; -78.45222 Erected by his family, Jefferson had willed that only three achievements be sketched onto it: Author of the Declaration of Independence, author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, and father of the University of Virginia.[11]
Obelisk of Lions, Copou Park Obeliscul Leilor din Iaşi.jpg Iași Romania 13.5 44 1834 47°10′43″N 27°34′01″E / 47.17851°N 27.56691°E / 47.17851; 27.56691 [12]
Villa Torlonia Obelisco.JPG Rome Italy 1842 41°54′50″N 12°30′43″E / 41.91389°N 12.51194°E / 41.91389; 12.51194 Two obelisks
Reggio Emilia obelisk Tempio della Beata Vergine della Ghiara.JPG Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna Italy 1842 44°42′0″N 10°38′0″E / 44.70000°N 10.63333°E / 44.70000; 10.63333 Commemorates marriage of Francis V, Duke of Modena to princess Adelgunde of Bavaria
Rutherford's Monument Anwoth, Scotland United Kingdom 1842 A memorial to Samuel Rutherford[13]
Political Martyrs' Monument Martyrs Monument, Calton Hill.jpg Calton Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland United Kingdom 27 90 1844 55°57′12″N 3°11′9″W / 55.95333°N 3.18583°W / 55.95333; -3.18583 [14]
Lansdowne Monument The Lansdowne Monument - geograph.org.uk - 220145.jpg Wiltshire, England United Kingdom 38 125 1845 51°25′22″N 1°55′58″W / 51.4228°N 1.9327°W / 51.4228; -1.9327 Erected by the 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne to commemorate Sir William Petty.[15]
The Obelisk Obelisk - Macquarie Pier - Newcastle NSW (5619925515).jpg Newcastle, New South Wales Australia 1850
Wellington Monument Wellington Monument, Somerset.jpg Wellington, Somerset United Kingdom 53 175 1854 50°56′53″N 3°13′45″W / 50.9480°N 3.2293°W / 50.9480; -3.2293 [16]
Stoodley Pike Monument Stoodley Pike 2.jpg Todmorden, West Yorkshire United Kingdom 37 121 1856 53°42′51″N 2°2′33″W / 53.71417°N 2.04250°W / 53.71417; -2.04250 [17]
Hyde Park Obelisk Hyde Park Obelisk 1.jpg Sydney, New South Wales Australia 22 72 1857 33°52′29″S 151°12′36″E / 33.87472°S 151.21000°E / -33.87472; 151.21000 [18]
Herndon Monument Herndon Monument.jpg Annapolis, Maryland United States 6.4 21 1860 38°58′56″N 76°29′09″W / 38.9823°N 76.4859°W / 38.9823; -76.4859 Erected by the US Naval Academy to commemorate the loss of William Lewis Herndon.
Obelisk of Fontenoy Fontenoy obelisk IMG 2132.jpg Fontenoy, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté France 1860
Wellington Monument Ireland - Dublin - Phoenix Park - Wellington Monument.jpg Phoenix Park, Dublin Ireland 62 203 1861 The tallest in Europe.
Prince of Wales' Obelisk Port Elizabeth Obelisk at Bayworld.JPG Port Elizabeth South Africa Intended for one George Kemp but erected to commemorate the marriage of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra of Denmark in 1861. Originally on Market Square, now in front of the Bayworld Museum Complex.[citation needed]
Lincoln Tomb Abraham Lincoln Tomb Springfield Illiois.jpg Springfield, Illinois United States 36 117 1865 39°49′24″N 89°39′21″W / 39.82333°N 89.65583°W / 39.82333; -89.65583 [19]
Tyndale Monument
Tyndale Monument
34 North Nibley, Gloucestershire, England 34 111 1866
Nicholson's Obelisk Nicholsons Monument.jpg Margalla Hills, RawalpindiIslamabad Pakistan 12 40 1868 [20]
Captain Cook Obelisk Kurnell.JPG Kurnell, New South Wales Australia 1870 34°00′17″S 151°13′03″E / 34.004667°S 151.217556°E / -34.004667; 151.217556 [21]
Obelisk of April's Peace Detalle de la piramide de la Paz de Abril de 1872.JPG San José de Mayo, San José Uruguay 1873
Dauphin County Veteran's Memorial Obelisk Harrisburg, Pennsylvania United States 34 110 1876 40°15′47″N 76°53′13″W / 40.26304°N 76.88681°W / 40.26304; -76.88681 [22]
Washington Monument Washington Monument Top.jpg Washington, D.C. United States 169 555 1884 38°53′22″N 77°2′7″W / 38.88944°N 77.03528°W / 38.88944; -77.03528 [23]
Oriskany Battlefield monument OriskanyBattlefield monument December2007.jpg Rome, New York United States 1884 43°10′7″N 75°22′8″W / 43.16861°N 75.36889°W / 43.16861; -75.36889 [24]
Monument to the Restorers Lisboa - Monumento aos Restauradores.jpg Restauradores Square, Lisbon Portugal 1886 38°42′57″N 9°8′30″W / 38.71583°N 9.14167°W / 38.71583; -9.14167 Erected to celebrate the victory in the Portuguese Restoration War (1640–1668).
Ludwig van Beethoven's grave Beethoven Grave rotcrop.jpg Vienna Central Cemetery Austria 1888
Bennington Battle Monument CW memorial Bennington VT.jpg Bennington, Vermont United States 92 or 93 301 or 306 1889 42°53′21″N 73°12′57″W / 42.88917°N 73.21583°W / 42.88917; -73.21583 [25]
Monolith "The Obelisk" Villalar de los Comuneros Monumento a los comuneros.JPG Villalar de los Comuneros, Castile and León Spain 1889 41°33′0″N 5°8′0″W / 41.55000°N 5.13333°W / 41.55000; -5.13333
Dalhousie Obelisk Dalhousie Obelisk 2, Jan 06.JPG Raffles Place, Central Area Singapore 1891 1°17′15″N 103°51′8″E / 1.28750°N 103.85222°E / 1.28750; 103.85222 [26]
The Obelisk, Penn State University Penn state oblisk.jpg University Park, Pennsylvania United States 1896
Confederate War Memorial Monument1.JPG Dallas, Texas United States 1896 32°46′32″N 96°47′59″W / 32.77556°N 96.79972°W / 32.77556; -96.79972 [27]

20th century[edit]

Obelisk name Image Location Country Elevation Completed Coordinates Notes
m ft
William Dudley Chipley Memorial Wmdudleychipleyobelisk.jpg Plaza Ferdinand VII, Pensacola, Florida United States 1901 30°26′N 87°12′W / 30.433°N 87.200°W / 30.433; -87.200
Sergeant Floyd Monument Sergeant Floyd Monument, sunset.jpg Sioux City, Iowa United States 1901 42°27′45″N 96°22′39″W / 42.46250°N 96.37750°W / 42.46250; -96.37750 [28]
Joseph Smith Birthplace Memorial JosephSmithBirthplace.JPG South Royalton, Vermont United States 15 50 1905 43°49′25″N 72°28′23″W / 43.823473°N 72.47308°W / 43.823473; -72.47308 [29]:118
McKinley Monument McKinley Monument.jpg Niagara Square, Buffalo, New York United States 29 96 1907 42°53′11″N 78°52′41″W / 42.88639°N 78.87806°W / 42.88639; -78.87806 [30]
The Veterans' Monument Elizabethton, Tennessee United States 1904 Dedicated to American Civil War veterans from Carter County, Tennessee.
Finn's Point National Cemetery Pennsville Township, New Jersey United States 26 85 1910 Erected by the U.S. government in 1910 to memorialize Confederate soldiers buried at the cemetery.
Coronation Memorial The Obelsik marking the Durbar of King George V at Coronation Park, Delhi.2JPG.jpg Coronation Park, Delhi India To commemorate the founding of New Delhi in 1911 followed by other obelisks around the Rashtrapati Bhavan
Victory Memorial Fort Recovery obelisk.jpg Fort Recovery, Ohio United States 31 101 1913 [31]
Rizal Monument Statue of Dr. Jose Rizal at the Luneta Park, Philippines.png Luneta Park, Manila Philippines 12.7 42 1913 14°34′54″N 120°58′36″E / 14.581669°N 120.976694°E / 14.581669; 120.976694 built to commemorate the executed Filipino nationalist, José Rizal.
National Women's Monument 9 2 302 0045-Women's Monument Bloemfontein-s.jpg Bloemfontein South Africa 1913 29°08′30″S 26°12′30″E / 29.1416°S 26.2083°E / -29.1416; 26.2083 [32]
Ozark Trail Obelisk commemorating Ozark Trail in Farwell, Texas.JPG Various locations including Stroud, Oklahoma, Farwell, Dimmitt, Wellington, and Tulia, Texas United States 1913 Formerly a series of 21 obelisks
PAX Memorial Walmer, Port Elizabeth South Africa 6 20 1919 A World War I memorial to local fallen soldiers.[33]
Flagler Monument Flagler-Memorial-Island-MAR2007.jpg Flagler Monument Island, Miami Beach, Florida United States 34 110 1920 25°47′7″N 80°9′10″W / 25.78528°N 80.15278°W / 25.78528; -80.15278 [34]
Southport War Memorial Obelisk, Lord Street, Southport (2).JPG London Square, Southport, Lancashire, England United Kingdom 20.6 67.5 1923
Veterans Memorial Plaza Indiana World War Memorial Plaza, Indianápolis, Estados Unidos, 2012-10-22, DD 01.jpg Indiana World War Memorial Plaza, Indianapolis, Indiana United States 30 100 1923 39°46′25″N 86°9′25″W / 39.77361°N 86.15694°W / 39.77361; -86.15694 [35]
Jefferson Davis Monument JeffDavisMemorial.jpg Fairview, Kentucky United States 107 351 1924 Commemorating the birthplace
of the President
of the Confederate States of America
Boer War Monument King's Domain, Melbourne, Victoria Australia 23 75 1924 [36]
Camp Merritt Memorial Monument Camp Merritt Memorial Monument.jpg Cresskill, New Jersey United States 20 66 1924 Monument dedicated to the soldiers who passed through Camp Merritt, New Jersey, en route to Europe in World War I, particularly those who died at the camp due to the influenza epidemic of 1918
Hobart Cenotaph Hobart-War-Memorial-Cenotaph-2008.jpg Queens Domain, Hobart, Tasmania Australia 1925 42°52′39″S 147°20′10″E / 42.87750°S 147.33611°E / -42.87750; 147.33611 A World War I memorial[37]
The Big Red Apple Cornelia, Georgia Big Red Apple.JPG Cornelia, Georgia United States 2.4 8 1925 34°30′49″N 83°31′51″W / 34.51361°N 83.53083°W / 34.51361; -83.53083 A short square obelisk with the world's largest apple on top stands[38]
Prague Castle Obelisk
(or Monolith from Mrákotín)
Prague Castle, Obelisk 2.JPG Prague Castle, Prague Czech Republic 15.42 50.6 1930 50°5′25″N 14°24′1″E / 50.09028°N 14.40028°E / 50.09028; 14.40028
Obelisk of Montevideo
(or Obelisco a los Constituyentes de 1830)
Obelisco a los constituyentes.jpg Parque Batlle, Montevideo Uruguay 40 130 1930 34°53′51″S 56°09′52″W / 34.8975°S 56.1644°W / -34.8975; -56.1644 [39]
High Point Monument High Point Monument from below.jpg High Point, Montague, New Jersey United States 67 220 1930 41°19′15″N 74°39′42″W / 41.32083°N 74.66167°W / 41.32083; -74.66167 Located on top of New Jersey's highest point, 550 m (1,803 ft) above sea level.
Foro Italico Le Foro Italico (Rome) (5906477156).jpg Lungotevere Maresciallo Diaz, Rome Italy 1932 41°55′55″N 12°27′32″E / 41.93194°N 12.45889°E / 41.93194; 12.45889 Erected to honour Benito Mussolini.
Paterson Monument Paterson Monument.jpg Windmill Point, George Town, Tasmania Australia 1935 41°06′34″S 146°49′01″E / 41.10944°S 146.81694°E / -41.10944; 146.81694 Erected to commemorate the 1804 landing of William Paterson (explorer).[40]
Obelisk of Buenos Aires Obelisco 2.JPG San Nicolás, Buenos Aires Argentina 71.5 235 1936 34°36′13″S 58°22′54″W / 34.60361°S 58.38167°W / -34.60361; -58.38167
Trujillo Obelisk Obelisco Santo Domingo.jpg Santo Domingo Dominican Republic 42 137 1937
War Memorial Floriana War memorial.jpeg Floriana Malta 1938 35°53′37″N 14°30′29″E / 35.89361°N 14.50806°E / 35.89361; 14.50806 [41]
San Jacinto Monument San Jacinto Monument.jpg La Porte, Texas United States 172.92 567.3 1939 29°45′00″N 95°04′51″W / 29.7499°N 95.0807°W / 29.7499; -95.0807 [42]
Trylon and Perisphere 1939fairhelicline.jpg 1939 New York World's Fair, Flushing, New York United States 190 620 1939 40°44′47″N 73°50′42″W / 40.7463°N 73.8451°W / 40.7463; -73.8451 Not a true obelisk, but an art deco variant.
Maungakiekie Obelisk Onetreehill monument01.jpg One Tree Hill, Auckland New Zealand 1940 36°54′0″S 174°46′59″E / 36.90000°S 174.78306°E / -36.90000; 174.78306 [43]
Victory Monument VictoryMonument - contrast.JPG Bangkok Thailand 1941 13°45′53″N 100°32′19″E / 13.76472°N 100.53861°E / 13.76472; 100.53861 To commemorate the Thai victory in the Franco-Thai War, a brief conflict waged against the French colonial authorities in Indo-China, which resulted in Thailand annexing some territories in western Cambodia and northern and southern Laos. These were among the territories which the Kingdom of Siam had been forced to cede to France in 1893 and 1904, and patriotic Thais considered them rightfully to belong to Thailand.
Plaza Francia Obelisk Plaza Francia.jpg Altamira, Caracas Venezuela 1944 10°29′47″N 66°50′56″W / 10.49639°N 66.84889°W / 10.49639; -66.84889
Banská Bystrica Obelisk Banská Bystrica NamSNP 9238.JPG Banská Bystrica Slovakia 1945 Commemorates the soldiers of the Red Army and those of the Romanian Army who fell while liberating the town.
Cenotaph on Leinster Lawn Cenetaphleinsterlawn2012.jpg Leinster House, Dublin Ireland 18.28 60.0 1950 53°20′26″N 6°15′14″W / 53.34055°N 6.254021°W / 53.34055; -6.254021 Erected to commemorate the memories of Arthur Griffith, Michael Collins and Kevin O'Higgins;[44] and replaced an earlier temporary cenotaph, erected in 1923.[45]
Lucas Gusher Obelisk Beaumont, Texas United States 1951 Recognizes the 50th anniversary of the birth of the liquid fuel age as the Lucas Gusher came in at Spindletop on January 10, 1901.
Heroes Monument Heroic Monument Surabaya.jpg Surabaya Indonesia 41.5 135.0 1952 7°14′46″S 112°44′15″E / 7.24611°S 112.73750°E / -7.24611; 112.73750 Commemorate the events of November 10, 1945 at the Battle of Surabaya
Israel War of Independence Memorial Meron 181.jpg Safed Israel 32°57′57″N 35°29′54″E / 32.96583°N 35.49833°E / 32.96583; 35.49833
Obelisk of São Paulo Obelisk of Sao Paulo.jpg São Paulo Brazil 72 236 1954 23°35′5″S 46°39′17″W / 23.58472°S 46.65472°W / -23.58472; -46.65472 [46]
Monument to the abolition of slavery
(Monumento a la abolición de la esclavitud)
Abolition Park in Barrio Cuarto, Ponce, Puerto Rico (IMG 2972).jpg Abolition Park, Ponce Puerto Rico 30 100 1956 18°00′21″N 66°36′46″W / 18.00583°N 66.61278°W / 18.00583; -66.61278 [47]
Obelisk of La Paz Obelisco3LaPaz.JPG La Paz Bolivia 16°29′55″S 68°08′06″W / 16.49861°S 68.13500°W / -16.49861; -68.13500
Demidovsky Pillar Barnaul - Demidov Square.jpg Tsentralny City District, Barnaul, Altai Krai Russia 14 46 53°20′N 83°45′E / 53.333°N 83.750°E / 53.333; 83.750
Victory Obelisk
(Poklonnaya Hill Obelisk)
Poklonnaya Hill, Moscow Russia 141.8 465 55°43′54″N 37°30′24″E / 55.73167°N 37.50667°E / 55.73167; 37.50667 [48]
Bayonet-Obelisk of the War Memorial Brest Brest Fortress 9085 2150.jpg Brest Fortress, Brest Belarus 100 330 1971 52°04′59″N 23°39′15″E / 52.082961°N 23.654251°E / 52.082961; 23.654251 [49]
Trinity Nuclear Test Site Obelisk Trinity Site Obelisk National Historic Landmark.jpg Jornada del Muerto, Socorro, New Mexico United States 3.7 12 The location of the first atomic bomb explosion.[50]
Cairn to mark the Geographic Centre of North America Rugby-nd-obelisk-geographical-center-of-north-america.jpg Rugby, North Dakota United States 4.6 15 1971 The structure is more like a cairn sited near the geographical center of North America (Mexico, USA and Canada). The location of the geographical center is approximately 15 miles (24 km) for the location of the cairn.[51]
Pirulito da Praça Sete PraçaSeteBHMG.jpg Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Brazil
Oregon Trail BoiseOregonTrailMonument.jpg Boise, Idaho United States 21 obelisks that mark the trail.[52][53]
Islamic Summit Minar Islamic Summit Minar Charing Cross.jpg Lahore, Punjab Pakistan 47 155 1974 An obelisk-shape structure built to commemorate the Organisation of Islamic Conference.
Luxor Hotel Luxor hotel (Las Vegas) obelisc.JPG Las Vegas, Nevada United States The obelisk stands in front of the hotel, a pyramid-shaped hotel along The Strip
Endicott, Triple Cities, New York United States 1975 An obelisk stands in front of radio talk show host Clint Ferro's boyhood home[citation needed]
Monumen Nasional Monas by day.jpg Merdeka Square, Jakarta Indonesia 132 433 1975 Symbolizing the fight for the independence of Indonesia
Juche Tower Tower of Juche Idea, Pyongyang, North Korea (2909246855).jpg Pyongyang North Korea 170 560 1982 39°1′4″N 125°45′48″E / 39.01778°N 125.76333°E / 39.01778; 125.76333
Leningrad Hero City Obelisk IvanSmelov-VOSSTANIYA.jpg Vosstaniya Square, Saint Petersburg Russia 1985 59°55′52″N 30°21′43″E / 59.931°N 30.362°E / 59.931; 30.362
1948 Arab–Israeli War Memorial Ashdod-Ad-Halom-83.jpg Ad Halom, Ashdod Israel 31°46′0″N 34°39′58″E / 31.76667°N 34.66611°E / 31.76667; 34.66611 Memorial to Egypt's fallen soldiers[54]
Avis Obelisk Avis Farms Office Park, Pittsfield Township, Michigan United States 1998 42°13′21″N 83°42′52″W / 42.22250°N 83.71444°W / 42.22250; -83.71444
Bahá'í House of Worship Haifa site future Baha'i House of Worship.jpg Bahá'í World Centre buildings, Mount Carmel, Haifa Israel 1971 Marking the site of the future Bahá'í House of Worship.
Independence Monument Obelisk Myanmar-Yangon-Independence Monument in Mahabandoola park.jpg Maha Bandula Park, Yangon Myanmar [55]

21st century[edit]

Obelisk name Image Location Country Elevation Completed Coordinates Notes
m ft
Capas National Shrine The Obelisk at the Capas National Shrine.jpg Tarlac province Philippines 70 230 2003 15°20′56″N 120°32′43″E / 15.34891°N 120.545246°E / 15.34891; 120.545246 [citation needed]
Kolonna Eterna Kolonna Eterna, San Gwann..jpeg San Gwann Malta 6 2003 35°54′35″N 14°28′36″E / 35.90972°N 14.47667°E / 35.90972; 14.47667 Egyptian obelisk by Paul Vella Critien[56]
Colonna Mediterranea Colonna Mediterranea.jpeg Luqa Malta 3.0 10 2006 35°51′38″N 14°29′3″E / 35.86056°N 14.48417°E / 35.86056; 14.48417 Abstract art by Paul Vella Critien[57]
Plaza Salcedo Obelisk Plaza Salcedo in Vigan City.JPG Vigan, Ilocos Sur Philippines 17°34′N 120°23′E / 17.567°N 120.383°E / 17.567; 120.383
Cyclisk Santa Rosa, California United States 20 65 Made of 340 bicycles[58]
Obelisco Novecento Rome Italy 2004 Sculpture by Arnaldo Pomodoro[citation needed]
Armed Forces Memorial National Memorial Arboretum, Staffordshire United Kingdom 2007
Särkynyt lyhty Tornio, Lapland Finland 9 30 Made of stainless steel[citation needed]
Human rights obelisk Brussels Belgium 12 39 2018 The monument, consists of a stack of 30 coloured stones, includes all the articles of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in four languages - French, Dutch, German and English.[59]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barnes 2004, p. 18.
  2. ^ Fewins, Clive, And so to the tower, via the medieval treacle mines[permanent dead link] in The Independent dated 19 January 1997, at findarticles.com, accessed 19 July 2008
  3. ^ "English Heritage | English Heritage". Risk.english-heritage.org.uk. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  4. ^ History of County Wexford: The Penal Laws & the 18th century
  5. ^ Richardson, Janet. "The Obelisk (Brightling Needle)". Geograph, Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Site Record for Erskine House & Blantyre Monument". Canmore.rcahms.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  7. ^ Captain Cook's Monument
  8. ^ Caulkins, Francis (2010). The Stone Records of Groton. Applewood Books. ISBN 9781429022798.
  9. ^ "Bunker Hill Monument". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 6 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  10. ^ "Spencer Monument – Blata l-Bajda, Malta". Waymarking.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Jefferson's Gravestone". Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  12. ^ McAdam, Marika; Bainbridge, James (2013). "Iasi". Southeastern Europe (online version / no page number)|format= requires |url= (help). Lonely Planet.
  13. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Rutherford's Monument  (Category B) (LB3295)". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  14. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Regent Road, Calton Old Burial Ground and Monuments...  (Category A) (LB27920)". Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  15. ^ The Lansdowne Monument near to Cherhill, Wiltshire, Great Britain at geograph.org.uk, accessed 18 July 2008
  16. ^ Historic England. "Wellington Monument (1060281)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 April 2015.
  17. ^ Richards, Robin (2013). LE-JOG-ed: A mid-lifer's trek from Land's End to John O'Groats. Troubador Publishing. pp. 138–139. ISBN 978-1-78306-935-4.
  18. ^ "Sewer Vent". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 30 November 2001. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  19. ^ "Lincoln Tomb". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 26 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
  20. ^ "Brigadier-General John Nicholson's Obelisk". www.azkhan.de. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  21. ^ "Captain Cook's Landing Site". Monument Australia. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  22. ^ Dauphin County Department of Military & Veterans' Affairs[dead link]
  23. ^ "13 Interesting Facts About the Washington Monument". I Hit The Button. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2016-05-06.
  24. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
  25. ^ "Bennington Monument - Historic Sites". historicsites.vermont.gov.
  26. ^ National Heritage Board (2002), Singapore's 100 Historic Places, Archipelago Press, ISBN 981-4068-23-3
  27. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/s/dws/spe/2002/hiddenhistory/1850-1875/070002dnhhpioneer.442cf291.html
  28. ^ "Sergeant Floyd Monument". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
  29. ^ Erekson, Keith A. (2005). "The Joseph Smith Memorial Monument and Royalton's 'Mormon Affair': Religion, Community, Memory, and Politics in Progressive Vermont" (PDF). Vermont History. 73: 117–51.
  30. ^ Kowsky, Francis R. (1981). "McKinley Monument". Buffalo architecture : a guide. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-262-02172-2.
  31. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  32. ^ "The Women's Monument entry in the South African Heritage Resources Agency (SAHRA) Registry of Gazetted Sites, Objects and Shipwrecks". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
  33. ^ Walker, D. R. (26 January 2014). "The PAX Memorial in Walmer, Port Elizabeth". Blogging while allatsea. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  34. ^ The City of Miami Beach. "Flagler Monument History" (PDF). The City of Miami Beach. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2006. Retrieved 13 June 2006.
  35. ^ "Indiana World War Memorial Plaza Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 21 June 2008. Retrieved 24 August 2008.
  36. ^ "Boer War Memorial". eMelbourne. July 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  37. ^ Howard, A. "Forgotten Landscape: Soldiers Memorial Avenue". THRA Papers and Proceedings. 52 (2): 95–106.
  38. ^ "Big Red Apple". City of Cornellia. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  39. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ "National Library of Australia - Trove Photograph - unveiling of monument to Lieutenant-Colonel William Paterson, George Town".
  41. ^ "The War Memorial". Times of Malta. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  42. ^ "San Jacinto: Monument Fact Sheet]". San Jacinto Museum of History.
  43. ^ "Maori Memorial. Obelisk on One Tree Hill. Scheme to divert fund". Auckland Star. 19 March 1931. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
  44. ^ Griffin, David J.; Pegum, Caroline (2000). Leinster House 1744 – 2000 An Architectural History. Dublin, Ireland: The Irish Architectural Archive in association with The Office of Public Works.
  45. ^ "1923 – Cenotaph, Leinster House, Dublin". Architecture of Dublin City & Lost Buildings of Ireland. Archiseek. February 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  46. ^ Obelisco do Ibirapuera: Prefeitura e Estado unidos em prol do restauro (in Portuguese)
  47. ^ Ponce: Informacion para estudiantes. Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Ponce, Puerto Rico. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  48. ^ "Park Pobedy - a beautiful Victory memorial". Moscow Russia Insider's Guide. 2017. Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
  49. ^ "The Bayonet-Obelisk". Brest Hero-Fortress Memorial. 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
  50. ^ "Trinity Site Monument". National Science Digital Library. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
  51. ^ "Geographic Centers". USGS Geography Products. U.S. Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
  52. ^ "Oregon Trail Monuments – Boise Arts & History". Boiseartsandhistory.org. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  53. ^ "Oregon Trail Monuments". Boise City Department of Arts & History. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2014.
  54. ^ Na'aman, Ayelet (2009-04-28). "7 fascinating memorials". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
  55. ^ Seekins, Donald M. (2014). State and Society in Modern Rangoon. Routledge. pp. 36, 73. ISBN 9781317601548.
  56. ^ Guillaumier, Alfie (2005). Bliet u Rħula Maltin (in Maltese). Santa Venera: Klabb Kotba Maltin. p. 737. ISBN 978-99932-39-40-6.
  57. ^ Borg Cardona, Ben (2010), "Cars pass by Colonna Mediterranea, a sculpture by Malta artist Paul Vella Critien", abc.net.au.
  58. ^ McCallum, Kevin (August 26, 2010). "Hey, what's it all mean?". Santa Rosa Press Democrat.
  59. ^ McNally, Paul (2018-12-10). "Human rights monument inaugurated at Tour & Taxis". The Bulletin. Retrieved 2019-11-05.

External links[edit]

Media related to Obelisks at Wikimedia Commons