List of orthotopic procedures

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Orthotopic procedures (from Greek orthos, straight + topos, place) are those occurring at the normal place. Examples include:

When organs are transplanted to a different anatomical location the procedure is said to be heterotopic (e.g. heterotopic heart transplantation).


  1. ^ Musquera, M.; Peri, L. L.; Alvarez-Vijande, R.; Oppenheimer, F.; Gil-Vernet, J. M.; Alcaraz, A. (2010). "Orthotopic Kidney Transplantation: An Alternative Surgical Technique in Selected Patients". European Urology. 58 (6): 927–933. PMID 20888120. doi:10.1016/j.eururo.2010.09.023.