Lithopoma phoebium

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Lithopoma phoebium
Hermit crab and Astralium phoebium.jpg
Hermit crab in a shell of Lithopoma phoebium
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Vetigastropoda
Superfamily: Trochoidea
Family: Turbinidae
Genus: Lithopoma
Species: L. phoebium
Binomial name
Lithopoma phoebium
(Roding, 1798)
  • Astraea brevispina auct. non Lamarck, 1822
  • Astraea latispina auct. non Philippi, 1844
  • Astraea longispina Lamarck, 1822
  • Astraea phoebia Röding, 1798 (basionym)
  • Astraea ruthi Verrill, A.E., 1948
  • Astraea spinulosum Lamarck, 1822
  • Astraea titania Röding, 1798
  • Astraea (Calcar) planoradiatum Schumacher, H.C.F., 1817
  • Astralium deplanatum Link, H.F., 1807
  • Astralium heliacum Philippi, 1850
  • Astralium phoebium (Röding, 1798)
  • Astralium titania Röding, P.F., 1798
  • Calcar planoradiatum Schumacher, 1817
  • Imperator longispina Lamarck, 1822
  • Trochus armatus Philippi, R.A., 1849
  • Trochus aster Philippi, R.A., 1848
  • Trochus brevispina auct. non Lamarck, 1822
  • Trochus costulatus Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de, 1822
  • Trochus heliachus Philippi, R.A., 1850
  • Trochus longispina Lamarck, 1822
  • Trochus orichalceus Philippi, R.A., 1849
  • Trochus spinulosum Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de, 1822
  • Uvanilla latispina auct. non Philippi, 1844

Lithopoma phoebium, common name the longspine star shell, is a species of medium-sized sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Turbinidae, the turban snails. [1]


This is a tropical Western Atlantic species.

Distribution of Lithopoma phoebium include: Aruba, Belize, Bonaire, Caribbean Sea, Cayman Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Gulf of Mexico, Jamaica, Lesser Antilles, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico, San Andres and Venezuela.[2]


The maximum recorded shell length is 76 mm.[3]


Minimum recorded depth is 0 m.[3] Maximum recorded depth is 91 m.[3]


  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2011). Lithopoma phoebium (Röding, 1798). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2012-03-15
  2. ^ Rosenberg, G. (2010). Astralium phoebium (Röding, 1798). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2011-03-17
  3. ^ a b c Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
  • Turgeon, D.D., et al. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 26 page(s): 59
  • Williams, S.T. (2007). Origins and diversification of Indo-West Pacific marine fauna: evolutionary history and biogeography of turban shells (Gastropoda, Turbinidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007, 92, 573–592.
  • Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas
  • Alf A. & Kreipl K. (2011) The family Turbinidae. Subfamilies Turbininae Rafinesque, 1815 and Prisogasterinae Hickman & McLean, 1990. In: G.T. Poppe & K. Groh (eds), A Conchological Iconography. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. pp. 1-82, pls 104-245.

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