Little Stukeley

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Little Stukeley
UK LittleStukeley.jpg
Signpost in Little Stukeley
Little Stukeley is located in Cambridgeshire
Little Stukeley
Little Stukeley
Little Stukeley shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,340 (2011 Census including Great Stukeley)
OS grid reference TL209756
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district PE28
Dialling code 01480
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°22′12″N 0°13′34″W / 52.37°N 0.226°W / 52.37; -0.226Coordinates: 52°22′12″N 0°13′34″W / 52.37°N 0.226°W / 52.37; -0.226

Little Stukeley is a village in Cambridgeshire, England.[1] Little Stukeley lies approximately 3 miles (5 km) north-west of Huntingdon. Little Stukeley is in the civil parish of The Stukeleys. Little Stukeley is situated within Huntingdonshire which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire as well as being a historic county of England.

The Alconbury Weald development is taking place near Little Stukeley.


History[edit]

In 1085 William the Conqueror ordered that a survey should be carried out across his kingdom to discover who owned which parts and what it was worth. The survey took place in 1086 and the results were recorded in what, since the 12th century, has become known as the Domesday Book. Starting with the king himself, for each landholder within a county there is a list of their estates or manors; and, for each manor, there is a summary of the resources of the manor, the amount of annual rent that was collected by the lord of the manor both in 1066 and in 1086, together with the taxable value.[2]

Little Stukeley was listed in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Hurstingstone in Huntingdonshire; the name of the settlement was written as Stivecle in the Domesday Book.[3] In 1086 there was just one manor at Little Stukeley; the annual rent paid to the lord of the manor in 1066 had been £6 and the rent was the same in 1086.[4]

The Domesday Book does not explicitly detail the population of a place but it records that there were 19 households at Little Stukeley.[4] There is no consensus about the average size of a household at that time; estimates range from 3.5 to 5.0 people per household.[5] Using these figures then an estimate of the population of Little Stukeley in 1086 is that it was within the range of 66 and 95 people.

The Domesday Book uses a number of units of measure for areas of land that are now unfamiliar terms, such as hides and ploughlands. In different parts of the country, these were terms for the area of land that a team of eight oxen could plough in a single season and are equivalent to 120 acres (49 hectares); this was the amount of land that was considered to be sufficient to support a single family. By 1086, the hide had become a unit of tax assessment rather than an actual land area; a hide was the amount of land that could be assessed as £1 for tax purposes. The survey records that there were eleven ploughlands at Little Stukeley in 1086.[4] In addition to the arable land, there was 24 acres (10 hectares) of meadows and 120 acres (49 hectares) of woodland at Little Stukeley.[4]

The tax assessment in the Domesday Book was known as geld or danegeld and was a type of land-tax based on the hide or ploughland. It was originally a way of collecting a tribute to pay off the Danes when they attacked England, and was only levied when necessary. Following the Norman Conquest, the geld was used to raise money for the King and to pay for continental wars; by 1130, the geld was being collected annually. Having determined the value of a manor's land and other assets, a tax of so many shillings and pence per pound of value would be levied on the land holder. While this was typically two shillings in the pound the amount did vary; for example, in 1084 it was as high as six shillings in the pound. For the manor at Little Stukeley the total tax assessed was seven geld.[4]

By 1086 there was already a church and a priest at Little Stukeley.

Government[edit]

Little Stukeley is part of the civil parish of The Stukeleys, which has a parish council. The parish council is elected by the residents of the parish who have registered on the electoral roll; the parish council is the lowest tier of government in England. A parish council is responsible for providing and maintaining a variety of local services including allotments and a cemetery; grass cutting and tree planting within public open spaces such as a village green or playing fields. The parish council reviews all planning applications that might affect the parish and makes recommendations to Huntingdonshire District Council, which is the local planning authority for the parish. The parish council also represents the views of the parish on issues such as local transport, policing and the environment. The parish council raises its own tax to pay for these services, known as the parish precept, which is collected as part of the Council Tax. In 2015, The Stukeleys parish council had nine members; meetings were held on the first Monday of a month either in Great Stukeley Village Hall or in Little Stukeley Village Hall.[6]

Little Stukeley was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965, the village was part of the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. Then in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Little Stukeley became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire District Council which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire and has its headquarters in Huntingdon. Huntingdonshire District Council has 52 councillors representing 29 district wards.[7] Huntingdonshire District Council collects the council tax, and provides services such as building regulations, local planning, environmental health, leisure and tourism.[8] Little Stukeley is a part of the district ward of Alconbury and The Stukeleys and is represented on the district council by one councillor.[9][7] District councillors serve for four-year terms following elections to Huntingdonshire District Council.

For Little Stukeley the highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council which has administration buildings in Cambridge. The county council provides county-wide services such as major road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services, libraries and heritage services.[10] Cambridgeshire County Council consists of 69 councillors representing 60 electoral divisions.[11] Little Stukeley is part of the electoral division of Huntingdon[9] and is represented on the county council by two councillors.[11]

At Westminster Little Stukeley is in the parliamentary constituency of Huntingdon,[9] and elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. Little Stukeley is represented in the House of Commons by Jonathan Djanogly (Conservative). Jonathan Djanogly has represented the constituency since 2001. The previous member of parliament was John Major (Conservative) who represented the constituency between 1983 and 2001. For the European Parliament Little Stukeley is part of the East of England constituency which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Great Stukeley 352 373 354
Little Stukeley 240 228 209
The Stukeleys 592 601 563 612 2909 2529 2387 931 2052 1340

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 142 Peterborough (Market Deeping & Chatteris) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2012. ISBN 9780319229248. 
  2. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. pp. 551–561. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  3. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. p. 1407. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull. "Open Domesday: Place – Little Stukeley". www.opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  5. ^ Goose, Nigel; Hinde, Andrew. "Estimating Local Population Sizes" (PDF). Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  6. ^ "The Stukeleys Parish Council". www.thestukeleys-pc.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Huntingdonshire District Council". www.huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Archived from the original on 20 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  10. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Council". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors". www.cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016.