Lluis Nicolau d'Olwer

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Lluis Nicolau d'Olwer
Nicolau D'Olwer.JPG
Minister of the Economy
In office
14 April 1931 – 16 December 1931
Deputy for Barcelona
In office
11 July 1931 – 9 October 1933
Governor of the Bank of Spain
In office
March 1936 – August 1938
Preceded byAlfredo de Zavala y Lafora
Succeeded byAntonio Goicoechea
Deputy for Barcelona
In office
28 February 1936 – 2 February 1939
Personal details
Born(1888-01-20)20 January 1888
Barcelona, Spain
Died24 December 1961(1961-12-24) (aged 73)
Mexico City, Mexico
OccupationWriter, politician

Lluis Nicolau d'Olwer (20 January 1888 - 24 December 1961) was a Catalan politician and writer who held office in the provisional government of the Second Spanish Republic, heading the Economics Ministry from April 1931.


The son of the notary Josep Nicolau and Anna d'Olwer, he was born in Barcelona where he studied philosophy and literature before completing a doctorate in Madrid. In 1917, he published Literatura catalana, the first account of Catalan literature written in the Catalan language. In 1918, he became a member of the philology department of the Institute of Catalan Studies and a representative of the Regionalist League under the Municipality of Barcelona.[1]

As a member of the Cultural Committee, he initiated modern teaching policies and in 1922 was a co-founder of the Acció Catalana. From 1926 to 1931, he was persecuted by the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera.[1] In 1933, he was deputy chairman of the London Economic Conference and governor of the Bank of Spain. During the Spanish Civil War, he was exiled to France. When the Germans occupied France during the Second World War, he was arrested by the Gestapo but managed to escape. He went to Mexico where he served as Minister without Portfolio for the Republican Government in Exile.[2] After the war, he continued to live in Mexico where he was appointed a member of the College of Mexico. He contributed to historical works until his death in Mexico City on 24 December 1961.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Lluis Nicolau d'Olwer (1888·1961)" (in Catalan). Civtat. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Nicolau d'Olwer, Lluis (1888-1961)" (in Spanish). La web de la Biografías. Retrieved 2 June 2014.