Llys y Fran
|Llys y Fran|
St Meilyr's Church
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
Llys y Fran is a small village and parish in the community of New Moat on the southern slopes of the Preseli Mountains in Pembrokeshire, Wales. The parish includes the small settlement of Gwastad. A notable feature is Llys y Fran Reservoir and Country Park, a popular tourist attraction.
The name appears as Llys-y-frân on Ordnance Survey maps as well as in legislation, and the parish has been recorded with a number of spellings including Llysyfran, Llys-y-fran, Llys-y-Frân and Llys-y-Vrân. The word llys translates into English as "court" and y frân translates as "[of] the crow".
The present parish church dates from the 12th century, with alterations and improvements in the ensuing centuries, and is dedicated to St Meilyr, a 6th-century Celtic saint. Llys y Fran was originally a chapelry; in the 16th century it was controlled by various landowners in the district, but it does appear (Llisvrayne) as a parish on a 1578 map. One of the church's two bells is dated 1632. By 1833 it was the parish church. It is a Grade II listed building.
There may have been a timber castle north of the church, but the remains may have been destroyed when the reservoir dam was built. The site is known as Y Castell (The Castle).
In 1887 the parish extended to 1,466 acres (593 ha) and had a population of 194.
There is no collective war memorial to the individuals from the area.
Llys-y-Frân dam was constructed between 1968 and 1972 by Sir Lindsay Parkinson & Co. Ltd. The reservoir it impounds covers 212 acres (86 ha) and is surrounded by a grassland and woodland Country Park of 350 acres (140 ha), including the area of the reservoir. It is managed by Welsh Water and is one of 81 reservoirs in Wales. The dam is 100 feet (30 m) high and the lake is fed by the River Syfynwy (or Syfni) that also feeds Rosebush Reservoir a few miles upstream to the northeast.
In 2008, a refurbished hydro-electric scheme was completed, raising the power output to an average of 26 kW; the original turbine generated considerably less. In 2017 Welsh Water announced a £4 million investment to enhance the park's facilities, to be completed in 2019, but in 2019 the project was put on hold when the construction company went into administration. A new construction company was appointed, with work scheduled to be completed in 2020, until which time the park and reservoir would remain closed. The redevelopment project and outdoor activity centre opened in 2021.
Reservoir and Country Park amenities
The reservoir is an important fishery in South West Wales, and has hosted national and international fishing competitions. Fishing with fly or bait, from mark or boat, is possible. The lake is stocked with rainbow and brown trout.
Sailing, windsurfing, rowing and canoeing all take place on the reservoir, with various equipment available for hire. The park hosted the Welsh Dragon Boat Championships in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017.
-  The Preseli (Communities) Order 1987
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- Ruth Davies (7 June 2019). "Llys-y-Fran £4m project on hold after Welsh Water contractors in administration". Western Telegraph. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
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- "Reservoir Guide" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Llys y Fran welcomes the return of the dragon". Western Telegraph. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- "Country Park welcomes Welsh Dragonboat Championships". BBC News. 29 May 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Hear the dragons roar at rowing championship tomorrow". Milford Mercury. 27 May 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Llys-Y-Fran Hillclimb Guide". Retrieved 26 February 2016.
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