In mathematics, Dirichlet integrals play an important role in distribution theory. We can see the Dirichlet integral in terms of distributions.
One of those is the improper integral of the sinc function over the positive real line,
Lobachevsky's Dirichlet integral formula
Let ƒ(x) be a continuous function satisfying the π-periodic assumption ƒ(x + π) = ƒ(x), and ƒ(π − x) = ƒ(x), 0 ≤ x < ∞. If the integral is taken to be an improper Riemann integral, we have Lobachevsky's Dirichlet integral formula
Moreover, we have the following identity as an extension of the Lobachevsky Dirichlet integral formula
As an application, take ƒ(x) = 1. Then
- Hardy, G. H., The Integral The Mathematical Gazette, Vol. 5, No. 80 (June–July 1909), pp. 98–103 JSTOR 3602798
- Dixon, A. C., Proof That The Mathematical Gazette, Vol. 6, No. 96 (January 1912), pp. 223–224. JSTOR 3604314