Lokanga bara

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The lokanga bara (sometimes referred to by the generic term lokanga) is a three-stringed fiddle popular among the Southern Antandroy and Bara ethnic groups of Madagascar.[1]

The related term lokanga bazaha ("foreign lokanga") is used to refer to the European violin.[2]


  1. ^ Ron Emoff (2002). Recollecting from the past: musical practice and spirit possession on the east coast of Madagascar. Wesleyan University Press. pp. 91–. ISBN 978-0-8195-6500-6. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Frank Tenaille (1 August 2002). Music is the weapon of the future: fifty years of African popular music. Chicago Review Press. pp. 47–. ISBN 978-1-55652-450-9. Retrieved 30 April 2011.