Longford, Newport

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Longford
Longford Church (geograph 3094736).jpg
Former church, Longford
Longford is located in Shropshire
Longford
Longford
Longford shown within Shropshire
OS grid referenceSJ726182
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNEWPORT
Postcode districtTF10
Dialling code01952
PoliceWest Mercia
FireShropshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°45′40″N 2°24′22″W / 52.761°N 2.406°W / 52.761; -2.406Coordinates: 52°45′40″N 2°24′22″W / 52.761°N 2.406°W / 52.761; -2.406

Longford is an ancient village near the town of Newport, Shropshire. It lies in the parish of Church Aston. Roman coins and medieval artifacts have been discovered in the village[1] and it is listed in the Domesday Book 1066 with a population of 23 households, 13.5 plough lands and a mill.[2] The historic manor covers 1,306 acres and includes the townships of Brockton and Stockton.[3] Sites of historic importance include: Longford Hall, a late 16th-century dovecote, Church of St Mary, 13th century Talbot Chapel, remains of a mill race and several farm buildings.[4]

During the English Civil War, the Battle of Longford was fought here. On 25 March 1644, Colonel Thomas Mytton, commanding 500 Parliamentarians, was headed for the Royalist ("Cavaliers") strongholds of Lilleshall Abbey and Lea Castle, paused at Longford that was garrisoned by Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") to rest his men. There, however, Colonel Vaughn and Colonel Ellis leading local Royalist forces found Mytton and routed him. Having driven of Mytton, the Royalists then besieged the small garrison which took shelter in Longford Hall. The Hall held out for a week before surrendering to the Royalists 2 April 1644.[5]

In the late fall of 1645, Oliver Cromwell appeared before Longford. The village was quickly taken and the General immediately placed Longford Hall under siege. Upon Cromwell’s call for the garrison to surrender, Sir Bartholomew Pell, the Royalist commander, entered into negotiations with Cromwell, winning favourable terms, Pell surrendered to Colonel Hawson and Major Kelsy. Under the terms of surrender, the garrison was to surrender their arms “without imbezeling”. Pell and his 14 officers were allowed to retain their horses, swords and pistols. The garrison was to be escorted toward Oxford. On these terms were met, Pell and the remaining 14 officers would leave Longford Hall.[6]

Longford Hall was built in 1275 by Adam de Brompton and owned by the Earl of Shrewsbury. In April 1644 it was captured by Royalists and subsequently demolished. The present house was built on the site 1794-97 by Colonel Ralph Leeke and designed by Joseph Bonomi.[7] Longford Hall is now the junior boarding house and sports fields of Adams' Grammar School.[8]

The area is situated on the Brockton Fault. Sandstone (Kidderminster Conglomerate) and slate are prevalent in the area and were once mined at Brockton, Stockton and Church Aston.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shropshire Archives". Discovering Shropshire's History.
  2. ^ "Domesday Book". Open Domesday Book. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  3. ^ "History of Longford, in Telford and Wrekin and Shropshire | Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
  4. ^ "Shropshire Archives". Discover Shropshire's History.
  5. ^ Stephen, Manganiello (2004). The Concise Encyclopedia of the Revolutions and Wars of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1639 - 1660. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 315. ISBN 0-8108-5100-8.
  6. ^ Stephen, Manganiello (2004). The Concise Encyclopedia of the Revolutions and Wars of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1639 - 1660. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 315. ISBN 0-8108-5100-8.
  7. ^ "Shropshire Stately Homes". Shropshire History.
  8. ^ "Adams' Grammar School". Adams' Grammar School.
  9. ^ "Shropshire Quarries".

External links[edit]

Media related to Longford, Newport at Wikimedia Commons