Loose lips sink ships
The most famous poster that helped popularize the phrase (pictured at right) was created for the Seagram Distillers Corporation by the designer Seymour R. Goff (also known by the pseudonym "Ess-ar-gee" or Essargee). This type of poster was part of a general campaign of American propaganda during World War II to advise servicemen and other citizens to avoid spreading rumors--or truths--containing bad news that might hurt morale. Historian D'Ann Campbell argues that the purpose of the wartime posters, propaganda, and censorship of soldiers' letters was not to foil spies but, "to clamp as tight a lid as possible on rumors that might lead to discouragement, frustration, strikes, or anything that would cut back military production." The British equivalent used "Careless Talk Costs Lives", and variations on the phrase "Keep mum", while in neutral Sweden the State Information Board promoted the wordplay "en svensk tiger" (the Swedish word "tiger" means both "tiger" and "keeping silent"), and Germany used "Schäm Dich, Schwätzer!" (English: "Shame on you, blabbermouth!").
The gist of this particular slogan was that one should avoid speaking of ship movements, as this talk (if directed at or overheard by covert enemy agents) might allow the enemy to intercept and destroy the ships.
There were many similar such slogans, but "Loose lips sink ships" remained in the American idiom for the remainder of the century and into the next, usually as an admonition to avoid careless talk in general.
Some examples of use the phrase outside the World War II propaganda context are:
- US Action/crime movie Den of Thieves (said by character Donnie) O'Shea Jackson Jr..
- A pop band, a pop album (by Des Ark), and pop songs by various artists, including Camper Van Beethoven, A Change of Pace, Hit the Lights, and others.
- A musical play produced by the American Folklore Theatre.
- An episode of the American-animated television program, Fish Hooks.
- A Variation Poster "Round Hips Sink Ships" on the American-animated television program Futurama
- The title an episode of the American television program Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains, and a variation, "Loose Lips Sink Relationships", is an episode of the American television program Will & Grace.
- The title of a paper exploring labiaplasty by Simone Weil Davis of the University of Toronto.
- A line in "Deus Ex: Human Revolution" video game at the end of the letter (about evacuation of Federal Emergency Management Agency station MICH.355.sos.7 at Highland Park (Detroit) sent by Joseph Manderley
- A slogan on one of the many shirts of Billy Talent's lead singer, Ben Kowalewicz
- A mention in the alehouses in the game Tradewinds.
- An achievement in a video game called Curve Fever 2.
- A lyric from the song "I Know Places" by Taylor Swift.
- A lyric in the song "I Get Around" by Tupac Shakur.
- A lyric at the beginning of the song Let's Get It Up by AC/DC.
- A repeated lyric in the song "XO", from Fall Out Boy's second studio album, From Under the Cork Tree.
- A lyric in the song "Swallow my Pride" by Ramones.
- A lyric at the beginning of the song "Ben Threw" by Of Mice and Men.
- A lyric at the beginning of the song "Sweetwater Kill (The Ocean Song)" by the cello rock band Rapustina.
- A repeated lyric in the song "Cherry Tree" by The National.
- A lyric repeated throughout the song "Snitches Get Stitches", from The Amity Affliction's first studio album, Severed Ties.
- A lyric in the song "Nobody's Safe Chump" by EPMD.
- A lyric in the song "Covered in Cowardice" by Billy Talent
- A lyric in Travie McCoy's "Rough Water" ft. Jason Mraz.
- A lyric in the song "Beneath the Waves" by Young Guns.
- A lyric in the song "Slip of the Lip" by Ratt.
- A lyric in the song "Loose Lips" by Kimya Dawson.
- A lyric in the song "Icebergs" by Madison Bloodbath.
- A lyric in the song "We Alright" by Young Money.
- A lyric in the song "Parties for Prostitutes" by Brody Dalle.
- The final line in the song "Seaward" by The Acacia Strain.
- US television show Deadliest Catch (Season 13 Episode 8) Jonathan Hillstrand says this about sharing good crabbing location and water depth with Keith Colburn.
- "World War II 'Loose Lips' Poster (product description)". Olive Drav. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- "Loose lips sink ships". The Phrase Finder. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Security of War Information - Loose Lips Sink Ships (1942-1945)". Ad Council. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Hadley Digital Archive "Loose Lips Might Sink Ships"". Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- D'Ann Campbell, Women at War with America: Private Lives in a Patriotic Era (1984) p 71.
- "Loose Lips Sink Ships". Eyewitness to History. 1997. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- ""Keep mum – she's not so dumb" - Charcoal, gouache, ink & pastel on board". British National Archives. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Schäm Dich, Schwätzer! Feind hört mit-Schweigen ist..." The Memory of the Netherlands. Koninklijke Bibliotheek. Retrieved March 24, 2014.(in Dutch)
- "Idiom: Loose lips sink ships". Using English. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Loose lips sink ships". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Loose lips sink ships – Anti Espionage Posters from WWII". www.successfullearningcommunities.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
- "LOOSE LIPS SINK SHIPS". progarchives.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- "Albums containing a track with the title:Loose Lips Sink Ships". allmusic.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Davis, Simone. "Loose lips sink ships", Feminist Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Spring, 2002), pp. 7–35.
- "Cherry Tree Lyrics".