Lorraine H. Morton

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Lorraine H. Morton
19th Mayor of Evanston, Illinois
In office
1993 – May 11, 2009
Preceded byJoan W. Barr
Succeeded byElizabeth Tisdahl
Personal details
Born(1918-12-08)December 8, 1918
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, U.S.
DiedSeptember 8, 2018(2018-09-08) (aged 99)
Skokie, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materNorthwestern University
The Lorraine H. Morton Civic Center at 2100 Ridge Ave in Evanston, IL

Lorraine Hairston Morton (December 8, 1918 – September 8, 2018) was an American politician who was the mayor of Evanston, Illinois, from 1993 to 2009.[1][2] Morton was Evanston's first African-American mayor, first Democratic mayor, and longest-serving mayor. She is also notable for spearheading the desegregation of Evanston's public schools as a teacher and school principal.[2][3][4]

Early life[edit]

Morton was born in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the youngest child of Keziah Hairston, a schoolteacher, and William Patrick Hairston, a prosperous businessman who helped found the Winston Mutual Life Insurance Company (now the Golden Gate Insurance Company).[5] She received a bachelor degree in education in 1938 from Winston-Salem State University in North Carolina and a master's degree in curriculum (education) from Northwestern University in 1942. She moved to Evanston in 1953 with her husband, Dr. James T. Morton Jr. (1911-1974) who was a clinical psychologist and worked at Evanston Hospital.[6] Both Morton and her husband taught at the Tuskegee Institute before moving to Evanston.[7] The couple had one daughter and two grandchildren.[1]

Teaching career[edit]

Prior to her experience in municipal government, Morton was an educator in the District 65 school system from 1953 to 1989. She began teaching in Evanston in 1953 at the now-closed Foster Elementary School,[3] which was at that time the only elementary school for African-Americans in Evanston.[8] Morton then went on to teach at Nichols Middle School from 1957-1966 and Chute Middle School from 1966-1977,[9] becoming the first African-American educator to teach in an Evanston school outside of Foster School.[3] In 1977, after twenty-five years of teaching in the District 65 school system, Morton was appointed principal of Evanston's Haven Middle School and held the position until she retired from teaching in 1989.[1] She also held life membership in the Illinois Congress of Parents and Teachers.[10]

Municipal career[edit]

Alderman of the Fifth Ward[edit]

Morton continued her long career of community service and public engagement when she agreed to serve as alderman of the Fifth Ward of Evanston,[11] an Evanston City Council position she held from 1982 to 1991. As a member of the Evanston City Council, she served in committees on Housing and Community Development, Police Services, Planning and Development, Human Services, and Rules, as well as on the Unified Budget Panel. She also worked on special committees on fair housing, libraries, and gangs.[10]

Mayor of Evanston[edit]

In 1993, Morton ran for mayor of Evanston under the campaign slogan "Morton for Mayor," which accompanied images of trains and lists of people who were "on board" with her campaign. After a run-off election against Ann Rainey, alderman of Evanston's Eighth Ward, Morton was elected Evanston's first African-American and first Democratic mayor.[12][13] She was in office for sixteen years (until 2009), becoming Evanston's longest-serving mayor.[14]

During her long mayoral tenure, Morton attempted to improve the town-gown relationship between Northwestern University and the greater population of Evanston. She was able to form a close friendship with Northwestern University president Henry Bienen and ameliorate the tension between Evanston and the University given her status as both the Mayor of Evanston and a proud alumna of Northwestern.[15]

Awards and honors[edit]

Both of her alma maters have recognized Morton's achievements. Winston-Salem State University created the Lorraine Hairston Morton Endowed Scholarship in 2010 for students majoring in education who are committed to community service.[16] Northwestern University, too, offers a scholarship in Morton's name—the Lorraine H. Morton Scholarship for the Master of Science in Education Program in the School of Education and Social Policy.[17] Further, Northwestern presented her with an Alumni Merit Award in 1996 and bestowed an honorary doctorate upon her in 2008.[18] She also held an honorary doctorate for public service from Kendall College in Chicago.[16]

Evanston's civic center was renamed for Morton at the time of her retirement in 2009 and is now known as the Lorraine H. Morton Civic Center.[19] She held the position of Vice President of the Evanston Historical Society and received community service awards from Saint Francis Hospital of Evanston and the Evanston Arts Council.[20]

Death[edit]

Morton died on September 8, 2018, at the age of 99.[19]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c City of Evanston official bio of Mayor Lorraine H. Morton (December 2007)
  2. ^ a b City of Evanston official bio of Mayor Elizabeth B. Tisdahl Archived 2007-12-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b c "Mayor Morton Reflects on Legacy of Her Tenure"
  4. ^ "Lorraine Morton Longest Serving Mayor and First Black Teacher in Public School System"
  5. ^ Northwestern University Archives, Lorraine H. Morton Papers, Box 1, "General Biographical Information". Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  6. ^ Dr. James T. Morton, Jr. -- African American Pioneers in Psychology
  7. ^ Evanston New Mayor Lorraine Morton
  8. ^ A History of Foster School and Desegregation in School District 65
  9. ^ Northwestern University Archives, Lorraine H. Morton Papers. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  10. ^ a b "Guide to the Lorraine H. Morton (1918- ) Papers, 1942-2014". Explore Chicago Collections. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  11. ^ Map of Wards and Precincts of Evanston
  12. ^ "Democrat Morton Wins In Evanston"
  13. ^ "Evanston's New Mayor Seeks Unity"
  14. ^ "Lorraine Morton, Longest Serving Mayor Of Evanston, Dies At 99". Evanston, IL Patch. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  15. ^ NU Celebrates Landmark Birthday
  16. ^ a b Scholarship Established at WSSU to Honor Retired Mayor Lorraine Morton
  17. ^ List of SESP Sponsored Scholarships
  18. ^ Northwestern University List of Honorary Degree Recipients
  19. ^ a b "Lorraine H. Morton dies; Evanston's first black mayor and longest-serving mayor". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2018-09-10.
  20. ^ Saint Francis Hospital Honors Evanston Mayor Morton