Lotte Laserstein

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Lotte Laserstein
Lotte Laserstein by Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski.jpg
Lotte Laserstein painting "Evening over Potsdam" photographed by Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski in 1930
Born(1898-11-28)28 November 1898
Died21 January 1993(1993-01-21) (aged 94)
Kalmar, Sweden
NationalityGerman-Swedish
EducationBerlin Art Academy
Known forPainting
AwardsGold Medal, Berlin Art Academy, 1925

Lotte Laserstein (28 November 1898 – 21 January 1993) was a German-Swedish painter.[1] She was an artist of figurative paintings in Germany's Weimar Republic. The National Socialist regime and its anti-Semitism forced her to leave Germany in 1937 and to emigrate to Sweden.[2] In Sweden, she continued to work as a portraitist and painter of landscapes until her death. The paintings she created during the 1920s and 1930s fit into the movement of New Objectivity in Germany.[3]

Life[edit]

Laserstein was born in Preussisch Holland, German Empire in 1898. Her father, Hugo, was a pharmacist, and her mother, Meta, was a pianist, piano teacher and a porcelain painter.[4] Christened as a child, she grew up in an assimilated German-Jewish household.[3]

She received her artistic training at the Prussian Academy of Arts (Preußische Akademie der Künste), which she entered only shortly after female students were allowed. Here, Laserstein studied under Erich Wolfsfeld.[1] In her final two years at the academy, she advanced to become one of his 'Atelier Meisterschüler' or 'star pupil'. This entitled her to her own studio, as well as free access to models.

The paintings she produced between her graduation in 1927 and 1933 in Berlin are considered to be her best works, and were shown in 20 exhibits across the city's galleries and museums.[5] Laserstein favored female models and the representation of female lifeworlds blended "social representation with painterly presence".[3] While her oeuvre encompasses approximately 10,000 works, only 300 paintings and 100 drawings are verified for her Berlin years.

After her emigration to Sweden, she took on mostly commissioned portrait works. Her attempts to save the lives of her mother and her sister, Käte, from Nazi persecution by bringing them to Sweden failed. Her mother was murdered in 1943 in the Ravensbrück concentration camp, and Käte died in hiding in 1945.

Berlin in the 1920s was a center of cultural production as well as political and economic struggle.[6] Laserstein painted cadavers to illustrate text books to obtain money during the period of hyperinflation.[1]

During this time, women were growing in independence and were increasingly able to enter the workplace. Laserstein depicted contemporary women of many fashions, including New Woman types, who adopted a more masculine look, and female nudes. As a single professional woman, Laserstein herself embodied the New Woman, and her androgynous look is evident in her many self-portraits, for example, Self-portrait with A Cat (1928) at the Leicester Museum and Art Gallery.[7][8]

During the Nazi period in Germany, Laserstein emigrated to Sweden, where she stayed in Stockholm and the city of Kalmar. It has been suggested that this move contributed to her legacy falling in obscurity in Germany.[9] She died there on January 21, 1993.

Works[edit]

Her most famous paintings, including Die Tennisspielerin (The Tennis Player, 1929), contributed to the verism of New Objectivity movement but also showed continuity with German Naturalism.[10] Laserstein's masterpiece was the large (about 7– 8 feet wide) 1930 painting Abend über Potsdam (Evening over Potsdam), a frieze of friends sharing a meal on their terrace, with Potsdam's skyline arrayed in the far distance. The painting was so large that it required the cooperation of multiple friends to transport it.[1] The elegiac scene references Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper and Jan Vermeer von Delft's Milkmaid in order to convey the temporality and political stalemate of 1930.[5]

Legacy[edit]

Laserstein was rediscovered in Germany in 1987, when Thomas Agnew & Sons and the Belgrave Gallery organized a joint exhibition and sale of works from her personal collection, including Abend über Potsdam, which is now in the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.[11] Laserstein attended the exhibition together with her close friend and model of many decades, Traute (Gertrud) Rose.[1]

Her painting Traute Washing was the first purchase by the National Museum of Women in the Arts with its own funds.[12]

In 1993, the first retrospective of Laserstein's work occurred in Kalmar, Sweden, to which she donated some of her paintings.[13]

In 2003, the first comprehensive retrospective of Laserstein's oeuvre was held in Berlin at the Verborgene Museum.[14] In-depth research was carried out by Anna-Carola Krausse which was synthesized in the exhibition catalogue, Lotte Laserstein: My Only Reality.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Obituary, Caroline Smyth, Feb 1993, The Independent, Retrieved 30 May 2016
  2. ^ "Lotte Laserstein". Apollo Magazine. 2019-06-20. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
  3. ^ a b c Krausse, Anna-Carola (2006). Lotte Laserstein (1898-1993). Leben und Werk. Berlin: Reimer Verlag. p. 11.
  4. ^ Stroude, Caroline, and Adrian Stroude. “Lotte Laserstein and the German Naturalist Tradition.” Woman's Art Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, 1988, pp. 35–38., www.jstor.org/stable/1358361.
  5. ^ a b Schroeder, Kristin (2019). "An Ambivalent Elegy: Lotte Laserstein's Evening Over Potsdam (1930)". Art History. 42 (4): 808–826. doi:10.1111/1467-8365.12461. ISSN 0141-6790.
  6. ^ Comini, Alessandra. Woman’s Art Journal, vol. 15, no. 2, Old City Publishing, Inc., 1994, pp. 56–57, https://doi.org/10.2307/1358610.
  7. ^ Lotte Lasserstein at Leicester's German Expressionist Collection. Retrieved 17 March 2017
  8. ^ Lydia Figes (22 September 2020). "Ten women artists of Jewish heritage represented in UK collections". Art UK. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Berlin museum that championed forgotten women artists for almost 40 years closes due to lack of funds". The Art Newspaper - International art news and events. 2022-01-28. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  10. ^ Stroude, Caroline; Stroude, Adrian (1988). "Lotte Laserstein and the German Naturalist Tradition". Woman's Art Journal. 9 (1): 35–38. doi:10.2307/1358361. JSTOR 1358361.
  11. ^ Women Artists Slide Library Journal 22 (April–May 1988). Retrieved 5 November 2014 Archived 5 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Women's Museum Makes Its First Purchase," Washington Post, January 27, 1988, D 1, 11. Retrieved 17 March 2017
  13. ^ "⁨LOTTE LASERSTEIN⁩ | ⁨Judisk Krönika⁩ | 1 December 1983 | Newspapers | The National Library of Israel". www.nli.org.il. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  14. ^ "LASERSTEIN, LOTTE - Das Verborgene Museum". www.dasverborgenemuseum.de. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  15. ^ Lotte Laserstein : meine einzige Wirklichkeit = Lotte Laserstein : my only reality. Dresden: Philo Fine Arts. 2003. ISBN 9783364006093.

Further reading[edit]

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