Lotte Laserstein painting "Evening over Potsdam" photographed by Wanda von Debschitz-Kunowski in 1930
|Died||January 21, 1993 (aged 94)|
|Education||Berlin Art Academy|
|Awards||Gold Medal, Berlin Art Academy, 1925|
Lotte Laserstein (November 28, 1898 – January 21, 1993) was a German-Swedish painter and portraitist.
Life and work
Laserstein was born in Preussisch Holland, German Empire in 1898 into a Jewish family (her father was half Jewish). Her father Hugo was a pharmacist and her mother Meta was a pianist, piano teacher and a porcelain painter. She received her artistic training at the Prussian Academy of Arts (Preußische Akademie der Künste), which she entered only a couple of years after its admission of female students. Here, Laserstein studied under de:Erich Wolfsfeld. In her final two years at the academy she was his 'Atelier Meisterschüler' or 'star pupil'. This entitled her to her own studio as well as free access to models. She favoured female models, who she claimed were better at holding long and difficult poses. Traute Rose was her favourite model and tennis coach, and became a lifelong friend of Laserstein's, featuring in many of her works.
Berlin in the 1920s was an uneasy yet exciting place. Laserstein painted cadavers to illustrate text books to obtain cash during the period of hyperinflation. During this time women were growing in independence and were increasingly entering the workplace. Laserstein depicted the New Woman, who also adopted a stereotyped appearance of a masculine look, typically with a man's style haircut. As a single professional woman, Laserstein can be seen to adhere to the definition of the New Woman, and her androgynous look is evident in her many self-portraits, for example, Self-portrait with cat at the Leicester Museum and Art Gallery.
While Laserstein was a Jewish artist, her early work was typical of both the avant-garde New Objectivity movement and the extremely traditional backward-looking trends in German art of the period. Her works were peopled with attenuated intellectuals such as one sees in the portraits of Christian Schad (the Portrait of Baroness Wassilko, for example), but her figures also often had a strong, cold, and athletic look. Laserstein is difficult to place conclusively in any aesthetic category. There is a sense of emotion and a connection with her models which does not appear to be suited to New Objectivity. Art historians have also argued for her placement within German Realism and German Naturalism.
Laserstein's masterpiece was the large (about 7– 8 feet wide) 1930 painting Abend über Potsdam (Evening over Potsdam) or The Rooftop Garden, Potsdam, a frieze of friends sharing a meal on their terrace, with Potsdam's skyline arrayed in the far distance. The painting was so large that it needed the co-operation of friends to transport it. The mood is pensive and full of ennui.
During the Nazi period in Germany, Laserstein emigrated to Sweden, where she stayed in Stockholm and the city of Kalmar. She created her greatest works in the period between the two world wars. She died in Kalmar on January 21, 1993.
Laserstein was rediscovered in 1987, when Thomas Agnew & Sons and the Belgrave Gallery organized a joint exhibition and sale of works she had retained in her personal collection, including Abend über Potsdam, now in the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin. Laserstein attended the exhibition as she did another three years later.
In 2003, a large retrospective of Laserstein's work was held in Berlin. In-depth research was carried out by Anna-Carola Krausse which was synthesised in the exhibition catalogue, Lotte Laserstein: My Only Reality.
- Obituary, Caroline Smyth, Feb 1993, The Independent, Retrieved 30 May 2016
- Lotte Laserstein, Huffington Post
- Stroude, Caroline, and Adrian Stroude. “Lotte Laserstein and the German Naturalist Tradition.” Woman's Art Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, 1988, pp. 35–38., www.jstor.org/stable/1358361.
- Lotte Lasserstein at Leicester's German Expressionist Collection. Retrieved 17 March 2017
- Women Artists Slide Library Journal 22 (April–May 1988). Retrieved 5 November 2014 Archived 5 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- "Women's Museum Makes Its First Purchase," Washington Post, January 27, 1988, D 1, 11. Retrieved 17 March 2017
- Lotte Laserstein : meine einzige Wirklichkeit = Lotte Laserstein : my only reality. Dresden: Philo Fine Arts. 2003. ISBN 9783364006093.