Louis A. Waldman

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Louis Alexander Waldman (born 1965) is an American art historian specializing in the Italian Renaissance.


Born near Detroit, Louis A. Waldman was educated at Hunter College (B.A. 1989) and subsequently, Waldman studied with Sir John Pope-Hennessy and Kathleen Weil-Garris Brandt at the Institute of Fine Arts of New York University (Ph.D. 1999). He has taught since 1999 at the University of Texas, Austin, where he received the College of Fine Arts Teaching Excellence Award (2008), the Dads' Association Centennial Teaching Fellowship (2004), the Department of Art and Art History Teaching Excellence Award (2005), and the Texas Blazers Faculty Excellence Award (2008). He was the first Assistant Director for Programs at Villa I Tatti, The Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies (2007–10), and is Associate Editor of the journal I Tatti Studies. Waldman's research on Florentine art is characterized by an emphasis on reconstructing social networks, families, artists' shops, and the workings of patronage. Waldman has held fellowships from the Samuel H. Kress Foundation at the Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz, the Fulbright Foundation, and Villa I Tatti. He was named an Accademico d'onore of the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence in 2004.


A number of Waldman's publications employ a combination of archival research and connoisseurship to identify and reconstruct the careers of previously anonymous artists of the Renaissance. In a long series of essays, he established the identities of such prolific painters as Giovanni Larciani (formerly known as the Master of the Kress Landscapes),[1] Bartolomeo Ghetti (formerly known as the Master of the Copenhagen Charity),[2] Bernardo di Leonardo (formerly the Master of Memphis), Mariotto di Francesco Dolzemele (whom he hypothetically identified as the Master of Serumido),[3] and others.

Waldman is known as a scholar unafraid of controversial topics. In 2007 an international media coup resulted from the claim by Mária Prokopp art historian and Zsuzsanna Wierdl art restorer that a fresco in the Archiepiscopal Castle of Esztergom in Hungary was the work of Sandro Botticelli. The official endorsement of their discovery by Hungary's Minister of Culture in a much publicized press conference made debate difficult for by Hungarian academics and curators. Waldman published the first extended refutation of the Botticelli theory, which on the basis of historical and stylistic evidence he described as "abszurdus" (absurd).[4] That negative judgement has been no reaffirmed by subsequent researchers in Hungary and abroad.

In the spring of 2008 Waldman was among of a number of scholars who independently identified a painting of the Annunciation in a provincial museum of Hungary, the Móra Ferenc Múzeum in Szeged, as the work of Giorgio Vasari. The work had previously been catalogued by the museum as the work of Agnolo Bronzino. A number of scholars are doubted the Vasari attribution. The controversy received considerable public attention after Waldman, writing in the catalogue of an exhibition held at the Szépművészeti Múzeum in 2009, presented a preparatory drawing made by Vasari for the painting (now in the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York) and identified it on the basis of documents as part of the lost decorations for the Chapel of St. Michael in the Torre Pia of the Vatican, which Vasari painted for Pope Pius V in 1570-71.[5]

Waldman again made headlines in April 2009 when he publicly presented documentary evidence revealing that some time before July 1505 Leonardo da Vinci painted a portrait of his beloved uncle, Francesco da Vinci.[6] He argued that the red-chalk drawing in Turin—one of the most famous drawings in the history of art due to its frequent misidentification as a self-portrait—is likely to be a preparatory study for the lost painting of Leonardo's uncle.

Neo-Latin Writing[edit]

Since the Ides of March 2011 Waldman has been publishing a blog in Latin, titled "Serio Ludere," which according to its masthead is dedicated to "trifles and a variety of scholarly topics" (nugis variaeque eruditioni).

Selected publications[edit]

  • Baccio Bandinelli and Art at the Medici Court: A Corpus of Early Modern Sources (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2004).
  • Edited (with Caroline Elam): Craig Hugh Smyth—In Memoriam (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2009).
  • Edited (with Machtelt Israëls): Toward a Festschrift: Renaissance Studies in Honor of Joseph Connors (Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 2010).
  • Edited (with Péter Farbaky): Italy and Hungary: Humanism and Art in the Early Renaissance (Florence: Officina Editrice, 2011).
  • Edited (with Gerhard Wolf and Joseph Connors): Colors Between Two Worlds: The Florentine Codex of Bernardino de Sahagún (Florence: Officina Editrice, 2011).


  1. ^ Louis A. Waldman, "The 'Master of the Kress Landscapes' Unmasked: Giovanni Larciani and the Fucecchio Altar-piece," The Burlington Magazine, CXL (1998), pp. 456-469; idem, "The Rank and File of Renaissance Painting: Giovanni Larciani and the 'Florentine Eccentrics'," in Italian Renaissance Masters, exh. cat., Milwaukee, Haggerty Museum of Art at Marquette University (2001), pp. 22-43; idem, "Nicoletto da Modena and Giovanni Larciani," Print Quarterly, XXIV, no. 2 (June 2007), pp. 41-45; "Giovanni Larciani: An Unpublished Albertinellian Madonna," Source, XXVIII, no. 2 (Winter 2009), pp. 14-21.
  2. ^ Louis A. Waldman, "A New Identification for the Master of the Copenhagen 'Charity': Bartolomeo Ghetti in Tuscany and France," The Burlington Magazine, CXLV, no. 1198 (2003), pp. 4-13; idem, "Parigi/Firenze: Novità per il pittore fiorentino Bartolomeo Ghetti," Erba d'Arno, CXI (Winter 2008), pp. 45-58.
  3. ^ Louis A. Waldman, "The Rank and File of Renaissance Painting: Giovanni Larciani and the 'Florentine Eccentrics'," in Italian Renaissance Masters, exh. cat., Milwaukee, Haggerty Museum of Art at Marquette University (2001), pp. 22-43.
  4. ^ "Ha tíz perc alatt nem vagy meggyőző, felejtsd el az elméletedet: Louis A. Waldman művészettörténésszel Pallag Zoltán és Szele Bálint készített interjút" ("'If You Can't Convince People in Ten Minutes, Throw It Out': Art Historian Louis A. Waldman Talks to Zoltán Pallag and Bálint Szele [about Botticelli, the Master of the Esztergom Virtues, and the methodology of connoisseurship]"), Élet és Irodalom [Life and Letters], LI, no. 28 (13 July 2007), p. 7.
  5. ^ Louis A. Waldman, in Botticelli to Titian: Two Centuries of Italian Masterpieces, exh. cat., Budapest, Szépművészeti Múzeum (2009), pp. 400-403, cat. 126; Ildikó Fehér, "Itt van egy Crivelli? A Szépművészeti Múzeum reneszánsz festézeti kiállítása," Ujművészet, XXI, no. 2 (February 2010), pp. 4-5.
  6. ^ Sara Bessi, "L'ipotesi dello studioso americano Louis Waldman: 'è Leonardo, è non é il ritratto dello zio,'" La Nazione, 18 April 2009.


Cristina Acidini Luchinat, "Presentazione," in La valle dei tesori, exh. cat., Fucecchio, Museo Civico, 2006, unpaginated.

External links[edit]