Louis I, Count of Flanders

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Louis I
Louis2Fl.jpg
Louis I's effigy on his seal
Bornc.  1304
Died(1346-08-26)26 August 1346
Battle of Crécy
Noble familyHouse of Dampierre
Spouse(s)Margaret I, Countess of Artois
Issue
Louis II of Flanders
Guy de Rickenbourg
FatherLouis I, Count of Nevers
MotherJoan, Countess of Rethel

Louis I (c.  1304 – 26 August 1346, ruled 1322–1346) was Count of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Louis I, Count of Nevers, and Joan, Countess of Rethel, and grandson of Robert III of Flanders.[1] He succeeded his father as count of Nevers and his grandfather as count of Flanders in 1322.

In 1320 Louis married Margaret, second daughter of King Philip V of France and Joan II, Countess of Burgundy, who would later inherit her mother's counties of Burgundy and Artois in 1361.[2] This marriage alliance made him break with the anti-French policy of his grandfather Robert III and great-grandfather Guy I.[2]

Count of Flanders[edit]

Louis' pro-French policies and excessive taxations levied by Louis caused an uprising in 1323. Beginning as a series of scattered rural riots, the peasant insurrection escalated into a full-scale rebellion that dominated public affairs in Flanders for nearly five years until 1328. The rebels, led by Nicolaas Zannekin, captured the towns of Nieuwpoort, Veurne, Ieper and Kortrijk. In Kortrijk, Zannekin was able to capture Louis himself.[3] On 30 November 1325 in the church of St. Basil, Louis swore amnesty to the rebels, investigation of John of Namur's actions as regent, and approval of all actions take by regent Robert of Cassel.[4] The following day, Louis was released and fled to Paris.[4]

On 26 April 1326, the King of France, Charles IV, intervened and the Peace of Arques was sealed.[5] This treaty presented the King of France as the aggrieved party, leaving Louis as a bystander.[5] The treaty, not supported by rebel districts in Flanders, did not last long, and soon hostilities erupted again.[6] Philip VI of France to come to Louis' aid, and Zannekin and his adherents were decisively defeated by the French royal army in the Battle of Cassel.[7] Control of Flanders was returned to Louis, with the warning from Philip that if Louis needed rescued again that Flanders would be incorporated into the kingdom of France.[8]

When the Hundred Years War started, Louis remained steadfast in his French policy, even with the county being economically dependent on England.[9] His actions resulted in a boycott of the wool trade imposed by King Edward III of England,[9] which in turn sparked a new insurrection in 1337 under Jacob van Artevelde.[10] In 1339 the count had to flee his lands, never being able to return.[11] Louis was killed at the Battle of Crécy in 1346.[12]

Family[edit]

Louis and Margaret had:

Louis depicted with his Grandfather Robert, Son Louis and Granddaughter Margaret

He also had a natural son Guy de Rickenbourg.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nicholas 1992, p. 442.
  2. ^ a b TeBrake 1993, p. 47.
  3. ^ TeBrake 1993, p. 84-85.
  4. ^ a b TeBrake 1993, p. 97.
  5. ^ a b TeBrake 1993, p. 98.
  6. ^ TeBrake 1993, p. 109.
  7. ^ Sumption 1990, p. 186-187.
  8. ^ TeBrake 1993, p. 124.
  9. ^ a b Sumption 1990, p. 189.
  10. ^ Sumption 1990, p. 230.
  11. ^ Sumption 1990, p. 299.
  12. ^ Nicolle 2000, p. 13-14.
  13. ^ Bubenicek 2002, p. 54.

Sources[edit]

  • Bubenicek, Michelle (2002). Quand les femmes gouvernent: droit et politique au XIVe siècle:Yolande de Flandre, Droit et politique au XIV siecle (in French). Ecole des Chartes.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nicholas, David M (1992). Medieval Flanders. Taylor & Francis.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nicolle, David (2000). Crécy 1346: Triumph of the Longbow. Osprey.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sumption, Jonathan (1990). Trial by Battle: The Hundred Years War. Vol. I. Faber and Faber.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • TeBrake, William H. (1993). A Plague of Insurrection: Popular Politics and Peasant Revolt in Flanders, 1323-1328. University of Pennsylvania Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)


Louis I, Count of Flanders
Born: c. 1304 Died: 26 August 1346
Preceded by
Robert III
Count of Flanders
1322–1346
Succeeded by
Louis II & III
Preceded by
Louis I
Count of Nevers
1322–1346
Preceded by
Joan
Count of Rethel
1328–1346