Louis Oliver (poet)
Louis Oliver (April 9, 1904 – May 10, 1991), also known as Little Coon or Wotkoce Okisce, was an American poet of the Muscogee (Creek) people. His poetry combines themes of Creek folklore with an examination of intellectualism in the context of the Creek nation.
Oliver was born on April 9, 1904, in Coweta, Oklahoma, which at the time was still part of the Indian Territories; his parents died when he was young and he was raised by relatives in Okfuskee. He studied at the Euchee Indian School and then Bacone College; unlike many of his contemporaries, he earned a high school diploma in 1926, an accomplishment that alienated some other Muscogee who accused him of "capitulating to the White Man's ways".
While living among the Cherokee in Tahlequah, Oklahoma, in the early 1980s, Oliver joined a writing group that included several published authors, and moved away from the more classical European forms of poetry that he had been practicing until then. He became the author of two books of poetry, Caught in a willow net: poems and stories (Greenfield Review Press, 1983) and Chasers of the sun: Creek Indian thoughts (Greenfield Review Press, 1990). In 1987, the Este Mvskoke Arts Council of the Muscogee people gave him their inaugural Alexander Posey Literary Award. He died on May 10, 1991, in Tahlequah.
- "Oliver, Louis Littlecoon", The Encyclopedia of North American Indians, 8, Marshall Cavendish, 1997, p. 1017.
- Roman, Camille; Travisano, Thomas J. (2005), "Louis (Little Coon) Oliver, 1904–1991", The New Anthology of American Poetry: Modernisms, 1900-1950, Rutgers University Press, pp. 746–748, ISBN 9780813531649.
- Womack, Craig S. (1999), "Chapter 6: Louis Oliver: Searching for a Creek Intellectual Center", Red on Red: Native American Literary Separatism, University of Minnesota Press, pp. 187–211, ISBN 9780816630226.
- Strom, Karen M., "Oklahoma Author: Louis (Little Coon) Oliver (1904-1991)", Storytellers: Native American Authors Online, retrieved 2013-02-21.
- Crerand, Patrick J. (2008), The Land of Good Deeds, Ph.D. thesis, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, p. 5, ISBN 9780549627180.