|Louise Joy Brown|
25 July 1978 |
Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, England
|Known for||First in-vitro baby|
|Weight||5 lb 12 oz (2.608 kg) at birth|
|Spouse(s)||Wesley Mullinder (2004–present)|
|Children||2 sons, Cameron (born 20 December 2006); Aiden (born August 2013)|
|Family||Lesley and John Brown (parents)
Natalie Brown (sister)
Louise Joy Brown was born at Oldham General Hospital, Oldham, by planned Caesarean section delivered by registrar John Webster. She weighed 5 pounds, 12 ounces (2.608 kg) at birth. Her parents, Lesley and John Brown, had been trying to conceive for nine years. Lesley faced complications of blocked fallopian tubes.
On 10 November 1977, Lesley Brown underwent a procedure, later to become known as IVF (in vitro fertilisation), developed by Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards. Edwards was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work. Although the media referred to Brown as a "test tube baby", her conception actually took place in a Petri dish. Her younger sister, Natalie Brown, was also conceived through IVF four years later, and became the world's fortieth child after conception by IVF. In May 1999, Natalie was the first human born after conception by IVF to give birth herself—without IVF—to daughter Casey. Natalie has subsequently had three additional children; sons Christopher, Daniel, and Aeron, the last of whom was born in August 2013. After four years her second child died due to medical issues.
In 2004, Brown married nightclub doorman (bouncer) Wesley Mullinder. Dr. Edwards attended their wedding. Their son Cameron, conceived naturally, was born on 20 December 2006. Brown's second son, Aiden Patrick Robert, was born in August 2013.
Ethical and religious issues
Shortly before the death of Pope Paul VI, when asked for his reaction to Brown's birth, the patriarch of Venice, Cardinal Albino Luciani (later Pope John Paul I), expressed concerns about the possibility that artificial insemination could lead to women being used as "baby factories", but also refused to condemn the parents of the child, noting they simply wanted to have a baby.
- Hutchinson, Martin (24 July 2003). "I helped deliver Louise". BBC News.
- "World's first IVF baby marks 30th birthday", Agence France-Presse, 23 July 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- Wade, Nicholas (4 October 2010). "Pioneer of in Vitro Fertilisation Wins Nobel Prize". New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2010.
- Hall, Sarah (11 July 2006). "Louise Brown, first test tube baby, is pregnant". The Guardian. London.
- "Baby son joy for test-tube mother". BBC News. 14 January 2007.
- Denise Grady "Lesley Brown, Mother of World’s First ‘Test-Tube Baby,’ Dies at 64", New York Times, 23 June 2012
- "Lesley Brown, Mother of World's First 'Test-Tube Baby,' Dies at 64", Krishna IVF, Krishna IVF Clinic
- "First test tube baby mother Lesley Brown dies", Bristol news, BBC News, 20 June 2012, retrieved 20 June 2012
- Robin Marantz Henig, Pandora's Baby, Houghton Mifflin, 2004, p 134
- Prospettive nel Mondo,1 August 1978; Luciani, Opera Omnia, vol. 8, pp. 571-72.
- Eley, Adam (23 July 2015). "How has IVF developed since the first 'test-tube baby'?". BBC.