|Low Hill shown within the West Midlands|
|Population||2,888 (2001 Census - Low Hill Priority Neighbourhood)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
Place name & history
The place name, Low Hill comes from Old English 'hlæw', meaning tumulus or mound - often those used for burial, with hill added at a later date. The antiquary, John Huntbach, noted that the Battle of Tettenhall / Wednesfield was likely fought in the vicinity of Low Hill, quoting the names of several lows in the vicinity - the North Lowe, the South Lowe, Horslowe (in the area of Horseley Fields - where the name comes from), Little Lowe, Tromelow (the more recent local name 'Rumbelows' comes from this), and so on.
The land was purchased by Wolverhampton council for housing development in 1924 to enable the construction of new homes to let to families being rehoused from town centre slums. More than 2,000 houses were built at Low Hill between 1925 and 1929, making it one of the largest housing estates in the country at the time, and by far the largest in Wolverhampton.
Prior to the 1920s, the area was very rural, with scattered farms and houses such as Showell Farm, Low Hill House, Old Fallings Farm and Old Fallings Hall connected by a series of ancient bridleways. When the new estate was built, a completely new road layout was put down with it, obliterating the old route systems and changing the landscape almost completely.
The estate was conveniently located for people working in the local manufacturing industry, particularly the Guy Motors bus factory in Park Lane and the Goodyear plant in Stafford Road. As late as 1971, unemployment in Low Hill was a mere 4%, although there was concern among local residents about the deteriorating condition of housing on the estate, largely blamed on the council's alleged failure to maintain the properties to an adequate level.
Low Hill was a popular destination for Wolverhampton's Commonwealth immigrant population, with more than 200 such families living there by the 1970s.
However, the recession of the mid 1970s saw unemployment on the estate rise, and unemployment rose again in the early 1980s as a result of another recession. The closure of the Guy Motors factory in 1982 was easily the biggest blow to hit the workforce of Low Hill. By this stage, local crime rates were rising and Low Hill was widely regarded as one of the worst districts of Wolverhampton.
Further local factory closures in the early 2000s saw unemployment on the estate reach around 15%, at a time when the national unemployment rate was around 5%, one major blow at this time being the downsizing of the Goodyear factory. The recession of 2008 and 2009 saw unemployment rise even higher.
The centre is situated around Showell Circus, in the area around the Bushbury Arms public house that was built during the 1930s. Showell Circus is the first traffic island in the United Kingdom to be awarded Village green status.
The western part of Low Hill is currently being redeveloped. In the late 2000s, over 90 houses around Fifth Avenue were demolished and a police base, NHS walk-in centre and multi-sport ball court were built in their place along with a new upmarket housing development, which extends also into ground vacant from the demolition of a disused factory. Low Hill is also within walking distance of the Wolverhampton Science Park, created in the late 1990s on the site of Wolverhampton Gas Works and Gorsebrook House.
In March 2010, work started on 50 new affordable 'eco' homes at Showell Park.
Low Hill is well known locally for the extravagant Christmas decorations, which can be seen on many houses in the area in the rup of to Christmas every year.
Low Hill is unfortunately often in the news for many of the wrong reasons, such as crime and youth gangs. It also has a high level of unemployment. Since 2006 there has been an LNP covering Low Hill and neighbouring estates like the Scotlands to tackle the area's many problems and bring the community together more. 
- https://www.gutenberg.org/files/31675/31675.txt The Annals Of Willenhall, by Frederick William Hackwood
- http://www.homesandcommunities.co.uk/Work-starts-on-fifty-new-eco-friendly-homes[permanent dead link]