Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos
Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos
|Governor of Portuguese Angola|
|Monarch||King Philip II|
|Preceded by||Manuel Cerveira Pereira|
|Succeeded by||João Correia de Sousa|
|Grand Master of the Order of Saint John|
17 September 1622 – 7 March 1623
|Preceded by||Alof de Wignacourt|
|Succeeded by||Antoine de Paule|
Évora, Kingdom of Portugal
|Died||7 March 1623 (aged c.81)|
|Resting place||St. John's Co-Cathedral|
|Children||Joanne Mendes de Vasconcelos|
|Allegiance|| Portuguese Empire|
Order of Saint John
Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos (c. 1542 – March 7, 1623) was a Portuguese nobleman who served as colonial Governor of Angola between 1617 and 1621, and the 55th Grand Master of the Order of Saint John between 1622 and 1623. He was also a writer.
He was born in Évora, Portugal in around 1542 . He was the son of Francisco Mendes de Vasconcelos (brother of Luís da Costa, a servant of Henrique of Portugal) and Isabel Pais de Oliveira; paternal grandson of Cristóvão Nunes da Costa (natural son of Luís Nunes da Costa by Isabel Botelho and brother of Brás Nunes da Costa who had natural issue by Catarina Anes) and Catarina Mendes de Vasconcelos; and maternal grandson of Paio Rodrigues de Vilalobos and Isabel de Oliveira.
From 1608 to 1612 he was a writer in Lisbon.
In 1617 Vasconcellos became Governor of the Portuguese colony of Angola. He suppressed a revolt in 1618. During his three-year term as governor, he enslaved about 50,000 Angolans and shipped them to the Americas.
Vasconcellos was also a distinguished member of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem. He was well known for his bravery in various naval expeditions against the Ottoman Empire. He was elected Grandmaster of the Order on 17 September 1622, after the death of Alof de Wignacourt.
He was the first Portuguese Grandmaster since Afonso of Portugal, and the first one on Malta. Vasconcellos served as Grandmaster for less than six months, dying on 7 March 1623. He was succeeded by Antoine de Paule.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos (GM 55).|
- Landers, Jane G.; Robinson, Barry M., eds. (2006). Slaves, Subjects, and Subversives: Blacks in Colonial Latin America. New Mexico: University of New Mexico Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780826323972.
- Gatt, John. "History – 1622 – 1623 Luis Mendez de Vasconcellos". Coins of Malta. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- Torres, João Romano, ed. (1915). Portugal - Dicionário Histórico, Corográfico, Heráldico, Biográfico, Bibliográfico, Numismático e Artístico. pp. 322–324.
- Coins of Grandmaster Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos
- Works by Luís Mendes de Vasconcelos at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Luís Mendes de Vasconcellos at Internet Archive
Alof de Wignacourt
| Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
Antoine de Paule
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