Lucy Ella Moten
Lucy Ella Moten (1851 – August 24, 1933) was an African American educator and doctor. A principal of The Miner School from 1883 to 1920, she was responsible for training many of the teachers in Washington, D.C. African American schools during that period.
Moten was born a free woman in Fauquier County, Virginia. Her mother, Julija (Withers) Moten, and her father, Benjamin Moten, were free African Americans. Her family moved to Washington D.C. in part to help further her education at tuition and public schools open to African Americans in Washington. Washington's public schools remained segregated until 1954.
Moten attended Howard University for two years and then enrolled at the State Normal School in Salem, Massachusetts, graduating in 1875. In 1883 she graduated from Spencerian Business College. She received an M.D. from the Howard University Medical College in 1897. She studied education at New York University at the graduate level.
Moten returned to teach in the Washington D.C. public schools for African Americans, including the O Street School. In 1883, African American leader Frederick Douglass recommended her for the post of principal of Miner Normal School, which trained African American teachers. While heading the Miner School, she decided to enroll at Howard University Medical College so she could better care for her students' health and to create a new course on hygiene. During summer break she often taught classes for other educators in the American South.
Death and legacy
- James, Edward T., Notable American Women, 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, Vol 2