Ludwig Blum

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Ludwig Blum
Brno-Líšeň-Ludwig-Blum-plaketa-na-domě-Pohankova2-2013.jpg
Ludwig Blum Memorial plaque in Brno-Líšeň
Born 1891
Brno, Czechoslovakia
Died 1975
Jerusalem, Israel
Occupation Painter

Ludwig Blum (1891–1975) was a Czechoslovakia-born Israeli painter. He emigrated to Israel in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah, and became known as "the painter of Jerusalem".

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Ludwig Blum was born in 1891 in Brno, Czechoslovakia.[1][2][3][4] He emigrated to Israel in 1923, as part of the Third Aliyah.[2][3][4] He served in the First World War.[4] He was privately educated in Vienna and later attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague.[1][3]

Career[edit]

Upon his arrival in Israel, and as a dedicated Zionist, he started paintings scenes of everyday life and landscapes in Israel.[3] He did many paintings of Jerusalem (including the Western Wall and the Mount of Olives), Tel Aviv, the Sea of Galilee and the Judaean Mountains.[3][5] Additionally, he painted some kibbutzs: Kiryat Anavim and Degania Alef, and the lives of Israeli soldiers, including the Palmach.[3][6][7] He also painted copper mines in the Timna Valley.[3] He also painted the Arch of Constantine in Rome, Italy, and a vase of roses.

He became known as "the painter of Jerusalem".[2][4] In 1933, his painting entitled simply Jerusalem was honoured at the Royal Academy of Arts in London.[1] In 1967, he received the Yakir Yerushalayim from the City of Jerusalem.[1]

In 2011 the Museum of Biblical Art in Manhattan held an exhibition of Blum's paintings.[8]

Death[edit]

He died in 1975 in Jerusalem.[1]

Selected paintings[edit]

Portrait of Moshe Dayan, 1949
  • Jerusalem in the Snow (1927).[3]
  • Jerusalem, Temple Mount (1928).[3]
  • Vase of Rose (1931).[9]
  • Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim (1932).[3]
  • Kibbutz Degania (1934).[3]
  • The Judea mountains (1943).[10]
  • The Arch of Constantine (1944).[11]
  • Jerusalem, seen from Mount Scopus (1950).[12]
  • The Market in Jerusalem (1950).[13]
  • View of Jerusalem from the Hill of Evil Counsel (1951).[14]
  • Landscape (1956).[15]
  • Timna, Copper Mines (1957).[3]
  • View of Jerusalem (1962).[16]
  • Jerusalem, David's Tower and the Sultan's Pool, seen from Mishkanot Shaananim (1964).[17]
  • The Western Wall.[2]
  • The walled city of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives.[18]
  • Sea of Galilee.[19]
  • Portrait with a keffiyeh.[20]

See also[edit]

Secondary source[edit]

References[edit]