Luis Pérez Figueroa
Luis Pérez Figueroa was born on 22 March 1833 in Salvatierra, Guanajuato. He joined the national army at the age of twenty in March 1853 as a second lieutenant in the infantry, and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1855. He played an active role in the war of intervention, fighting successfully against imperial troops in the mountains of Teotitlan and Tuxtepec. He was a signatory to the Plan which defended the town of Tuxtepec. As a colonel, on the 25th of April 1865 he defeated French forces at San Miguel Soyaltepec (now covered by the Miguel Aleman Dam), which was renamed Patriótica Villa de San Miguel Soyaltepec in 1868 in honor of this battle. In 1866 he became a brigadier general, and on 18 October 1866 his brigade fought on the right flank under General Porfirio Díaz in the decisive Battle of La Carbonera. Later he was given command of a division.
After the war, the President Benito Juárez became suspicious of Porfirio Díaz's ambitions. Figueroa supported Juárez and urged him to appoint loyal governors in Oaxaca, Veracruz and Puebla, Díaz's power base. Juárez next ordered the disarming of the Oaxacan National Guards. The Zapotecs of the Ixtlan National Guard believed that they had earned the right to bear arms, and felt betrayed by Juárez. At Figueroa's urging, Juárez quietly let the matter rest.
General Figueroa married a Oaxacan woman and had eight children. He received various awards for his patriotism and courage, including a medal for the assault and capture of Puebla in 1867. He remained in the army for forty years. He died on May 23, 1903 in Tlalpan in the Federal District of Mexico. His funeral was held with full honors, and was attended by the president of the republic, Porfirio Diaz. In his memory, the Oaxaca state government gave his name in October 1904 to the Acatlán de Pérez Figueroa municipality of the Tuxtepec District, Oaxaca.
- "Biografia del General Luis Pérez Figueroa". acatlan.com. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- "San Miguel Soyaltepec". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México Oaxaca. Archived from the original on 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2010-07-26.
- David Marley (1998). Wars of the Americas: a chronology of armed conflict in the New World, 1492 to the present. ABC-CLIO. p. 561ff. ISBN 0-87436-837-5.
- Patrick J. McNamara (2007). Sons of the Sierra: Juárez, Díaz, and the people of Ixtlán, Oaxaca, 1855-1920. UNC Press. p. 71ff. ISBN 0-8078-5787-4.