Luke Lillingstone or Lillingston (1653–1713) was a British Army officer.
Both Lillingstone's father, Henry Lillingstone, and maternal uncle, Thomas Dolman, were colonels in the Anglo-Dutch Brigade. Luke was himself first commissioned as an officer in the Brigade in 1673. He accompanied William of Orange to England in 1688.
After fighting against Jacobite forces in Ireland, Lillingstone received his first command in 1692, when he took over the colonelcy of Jonathan Foulkes's Regiment on the latter's death. On assuming command the regiment became Luke Lillingstone's Regiment of Foot, and was to be the first of three regiments to bear this title.
Lillingstone was without a command until 1705, when he was authorised to raise a regiment of foot. The third Lillingstone's Regiment was duly raised at the King's Head, Bird Street, Lichfield on 25 March 1705. The regiment was ordered to Antigua in 1707, but Lillingstone did not accompany it. In 1708 Lillingstone was promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, and ordered to join his regiment. He refused, and was dismissed on 2 June. Lillingstone's Regiment was given to his second-in-command, becoming James Jones's Regiment of Foot. The regiment continued in existence, becoming the 38th Regiment of Foot in 1751, one of the forebears of the modern Mercian Regiment.
Lillingstone was refused the purchase price of his regiment, and this led to the forced sale of his estate, Ferriby Grange, North Ferriby, in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Lillingstone was married twice, but had no male issue. Lillingstone died on 6 April 1713, and a monument to his memory was erected in the parish church of All Saints, North Ferriby. The monument features life-size effigies of Lillingstone and his second wife.
- John Childs, ‘Lillingstone , Luke (1653–1713)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 11 September 2007
-  38th (1st Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot , (regiments.org), accessed 11 September 2007 Archived 15 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- Vale, W.L. (1969). History of the South Staffordshire Regiment. Aldershot: Gale & Polden. p. 3. ISBN 0 7001 0001 6.
- All Saints North Ferriby (accessed 11 September 2007)