Luminosity (scattering theory)
It has the dimensions of events per time per area, and is usually expressed in the cgs units of cm−2·s−1 or the non-SI units of b−1·s−1. In practice, L is dependent on the particle beam parameters, such as beam width and particle flow rate, as well as the target properties, such as target size and density.
The luminosity and integrated luminosity are useful values to characterize the performance of a particle accelerator. In particular, all collider experiments aim to maximize their integrated luminosities, as the higher the integrated luminosity, the more data is available to analyze.
Examples of collider luminosity
Here are a few examples of the luminosity of certain experiments.
|SPS||p + p||6.0×1030|
|Tevatron||p + p||5.0×1031|
|HERA||proton + e+||4.0×1031|
|LHC||p + p||1×1034|
|LEP||e− + e+||1.0×1032|
|PEP||e− + e+||3.0×1033|
|KEKB||e− + e+||1.0×1034|