Lyn (locomotive)

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L&B Crest
Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Lyn
Official builders photo of Lyn, 1898
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Baldwin Locomotive Works, USA
Serial number 15965
Model 8-14 1/4 C
Build date May 1898
 • Whyte 2-4-2T
 • UIC 1′B1′ n2t
Gauge 1 ft 11 12 in (597 mm)
Leading dia. 1 ft 10 in (0.559 m)
Driver dia. 2 ft 9 in (0.838 m)
Trailing dia. 1 ft 10 in (0.559 m)
Wheelbase Coupled: 5 ft 0 in (1.52 m)
Overall: 17 ft 7 in (5.36 m)
Length 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m) over headstocks
Width 7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
Height 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
Frame type Bar frame, outside
Loco weight 22 long tons (22 t; 25 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
 • Firegrate area
7.7 sq ft (0.72 m2)
Boiler pressure 180 psi (1.24 MPa)
Heating surface 379.2 sq ft (35.23 m2)
Cylinders Two, outside
Cylinder size 10 in × 16 in (254 mm × 406 mm)
Valve gear Stephenson
Numbers L&B: Lyn
SR: E762
Nicknames The Yankee
Locale Devon, South West England
Last run September 1935
Scrapped December 1935
Disposition Scrapped; replica built 2016

Lyn was a 2-4-2 tank steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1898 for the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway. Between July 1897 and January 1898, employees of many British engineering companies were striking in an attempt to win the right to an eight-hour working day,[1] leaving locomotive builders with large backlogs of unfulfilled orders. Thus, the Lynton and Barnstaple instead consulted the US based Baldwin to produce the engine they needed. After construction in Philadelphia, the loco was disassembled, shipped to Barnstaple, and reassembled by L&B staff in their Pilton workshops.

Lyn, like all the locomotives on the L&B, was named after a local river with a three-letter name, the River Lyn.

After the Lynton and Barnstaple became part of the Southern Railway, Lyn was taken to Eastleigh Works for major overhaul in 1928, returning the following year in Southern Green Livery and carrying the number E762 on the side tanks, as well as the original nameplates on the cab sides.

Lyn was scrapped in 1935, when the line closed.


In January 2009, The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Trust announced a project to build a replica of Lyn for use on the restored railway by 2012.[2][3] By 2013, Lyn's wooden cab had been built, along with the boiler and most fittings, wheels, cylinders and many other components. CAD and modern engineering techniques are being employed to ensure that, while the finished locomotive remains true to the original in appearance, it will perform much more efficiently and be easier to maintain and operate. Final assembly is being carried out by Alan Keef Ltd. who has had experience with other Baldwin locos, such as the restoration of Baldwin 794 for the Welsh Highland Heritage Railway. Lyn will be finished in the colours and configuration as the original Lyn after returning from overhaul in 1929. The originally quoted completion date has slipped, and is now expected to be during the first half of 2016.[4] Subsequent delays at Alan Keef's loco works will see the loco launched at the September 2017 gala.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Spartacus Educational article on the Amalgamated Society of Engineers (Retrieved 28 August 2012)
  2. ^ Heritage Railway Magazine retrieved 27 January 2009
  3. ^ The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Magazine Issue 87 Winter 2008/9 published by The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Trust.
  4. ^ 762 Club website (retrieved 9 December 2015)
  5. ^ Railway Magazine March 2017

External links[edit]

  • Official website of the 762 Club - the team building a replica of the 1898 original