|This biographical article relies too much on references to primary sources. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
September 8, 1935 |
Capracotta, Molise, Italy
|Institutions||Institute for Basic Research|
|Alma mater||University of Naples, University of Turin|
|Known for||Hadronic Physics, Hadronic Chemistry, Magnecules, Controlled Intermediate Nuclear Fusion|
Ruggero Maria Santilli (born September 8, 1935) is an Italian-American nuclear physicist. Mainstream scientists dismiss his theories as fringe science, which Santilli, in his turn, describes as a mainstream conspiracy against novel science.
In September 1981 Santilli established the Institute for Basic Research and became its President. Santilli has been the Founder and Chief Scientist ( 2007-2013) of MagneGas Corporation. Currently, Santilli is President of the Institute for Basic Research, Founder and Chief Scientist of Thunder Fusion Corporation. On the 22nd of January 2009 he was awarded with the Mediterranean Award for Science and Research from the Fondazione Mediterraneo.
Santilli claims to have developed novel fuels, named "MagneGas" and "MagneHydrogen," produced by plasma arc gasification of liquid waste. Santilli claims that these fuels are composed of magnecules. These hypothetical particles are a type of theoretical chemical species proposed by Santilli, distinguished from better-known species by containing a novel type of bond called a "magnecular bond", which he claims consists of atoms held together by magnetic fields which arise from "toroidal polarization" of their electron orbitals. Neither these claims nor the existence of magnecules have been accepted by the scientific community.
In addition to proposing Magnecules as a new kind of chemical structure, Santilli rejects the prevailing view of chemistry as being well-described by quantum mechanics (see quantum chemistry). For example, he argues that the covalent bond is impossible in quantum mechanics, as he cannot conceive of a manner in which two same-charged electrons can come together to cause an attractive interaction.
Magnecules have also been invoked as an explanation for a purported "HHO gas", which Santilli claims is "a new form of water" produced by electrolysis. The name comes from its chemical structure (H × H)–O, claimed by Santilli, where “×” represents a "magnecular bond" and “−” a conventional molecular bond. Santilli claims that his devices produce HHO gas, with a number of unique properties, instead of the usual oxyhydrogen gas, which is simply a mixture of diatomic hydrogen and oxygen gases.
In 2006, Brown University Professor of Engineering Joseph M. Calo described a number of errors in Santilli's article and stated that the descriptions are insufficient to reproduce the data, which is required for a scientific method. Martin O. Cloonan, Professor of Chemistry at the Chemistry School of Science, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology criticized arguments in favor of what he saw the main point of Calo's commentary, namely that the behavior of the "HHO gas" may be reasonably explained by a regular mixture of "hydrogen, oxygen and watervapor" and concluded that the issue of the existence of magnecules remains open.
A rebuttal of Calo's claims was also published by a J. V. Kadeisvili. Member of Dutch scientific skepticism society Stichting Skepsis Pepijn van Erp failed to find any credentials of Kadeisvili despite multiple requests, which have led him to believe that there is no such person.
Conspiracy theories and lawsuits
In his book Il Grande Grido: Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A, an Insider's View (Santilli 1984), Santilli claims that in many institutions there is an effective conspiracy to suppress or not investigate novel theories which may conflict with established scientific theories, such as Einstein's theory of relativity. According to Santilli, institutions receive funding and have established entire departments dedicated to long established theories, and so he argues that these same institutions are ill equipped to challenge their own scientific paradigms with new theories. Santilli claimed that a number of scientists, including Nobel Laureates Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg, conspired to stop him from conducting research which might have led to the inapplicability of part of Einstein's theory of relativity while he was at Harvard. He has complained that papers he has submitted to peer-reviewed American Physical Society journals were rejected because they were controlled by a group of Jewish physicists led by Steven Weinberg.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1978). Foundations of Theoretical Mechanics: The inverse problem in Newtonian mechanics (PDF). New York: Springer-Verlag. OCLC 9020170.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1983). Foundations of Theoretical Mechanics: Birkhoffian Generalization of Hamiltonian Mechanics (PDF). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-09482-2.
- Santilli, Ruggero (1984). Il Grande Grido: Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A.: An Insider's View. Louisville: Alpha Pub. ISBN 0-931753-00-7.
- Relativistic hadronic mechanics: Nonunitary, axiom-preserving completion of relativistic quantum mechanics, Ruggero Maria Santilli, Foundations of Physics, 27, #5 (May 1997), pp. 625–729. DOI 10.1007/BF02550172.
- Santilli, Ruggero (2001). Foundations of Hadronic Chemistry: with Applications to New Clean Energies and Fuels. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 1-4020-0087-1.
- Structure and Combustion of Magnegases, R. M. Santilli and A. K. Aringazin, arXiv:physics/0112066v1.
- Santilli, Ruggero (2006). Isodual theory of antimatter with applications to antigravity, grand unification and cosmology (PDF). Dordrecht: Springer. ISBN 1-4020-4518-2.
- Weimar, C. (7 May 2007). "Snubbed By Mainstream, Scientist Sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2001-02-03.
- "Prof. R. M. Santilli's CV". The R. M. Santilli Foundation. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
- "Curriculum Summary of Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Institute for Basic Research. 5 January 2006.
- "Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Thunder Fusion Corporation. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Hadronic Journal Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Algebras, Groups and Geometries Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "From trash to gas". CNN.
- "Recycling Liquid Wastes and Crude Oil into MagneGas and MagneHydrogen". August 30, 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- Sterling D. Allan (August 25, 2006). "Interview with Dr. Santilli of MagneGas". Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies, IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
- Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies (continued), IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
- , accessed 2007-03-08. Archived March 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Santilli (2006).
- R. M. Santilli, A. K. Aringazin; Aringazin (December 20, 2001). "Structure and Combustion of Magnegases". Hadronic Journal (27): 299–330. arXiv:. Bibcode:2001physics..12066S.
- J. M. Calo (November 3, 2006). "Comments on "A new gaseous and combustible form of water" by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006: 31(9), 1113–1128)" (PDF). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 32 (9): 1309–1312. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.11.004.
- Cloonan, Martin O. (2008). "A chemist's view of J.M. Calo's comments on: A new gaseous and combustible form of water by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006:31(9), 1113–1128)" (PDF). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 33: 922–926. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.11.009.
- J. V. Kadeisvili (2008). "Rebuttal of J.M. Calo's comments on R.M. Santilli's HHO paper". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 33 (2): 918–921. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.10.030.
- "Finding JV Kadeisvili – or Mailing with Ruggero M Santilli ", Pepijn van Erp
- "De fantastische wetenschap van Ruggero Santilli" (in Dutch), Klopt Dat Wel?, a Stichting Skepsis magazine
- "The Politics of Science: II Grande Grido Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A.-An Insider's View By Ruggcro Maria Santilli Alpha Publishing: 354 pp, $19.50.". The Harvard Crimson. March 20, 1985.
- Farrell, John (6 July 2000). "Did Einstein cheat?". Salon.com. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
- H. Lustig (2005). "A proper homage to our Ben". In H. Henry Stroke. Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: 51 (Advances in Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics). Academic Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0120038510.
Ruggero Maria Santilli of The Institute for Basic Research, who complained bitterly about the rejection of his papers 'disproving' Einstein's relativity, which he attributed to Jewish domination of APS' journals.
- Weimar, Carrie (May 9, 2007). "Snubbed by mainstream, scrappy scientist sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 29 June 2011.