Ruggero Santilli

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Ruggero Santilli
Ruggero Santilli Sunset Smaller.jpg
Born (1935-09-08) September 8, 1935 (age 80)
Capracotta, Molise, Italy
Nationality American
Fields Theoretical physics
Institutions MIT, Harvard, Boston University
Alma mater University of Naples, University of Turin
Known for Hadronic Physics, Hadronic Chemistry, Magnecules, Controlled Intermediate Nuclear Fusion
Spouse Carla

Ruggero Maria Santilli (born September 8, 1935) is an Italian-American nuclear physicist. Mainstream scientists dismiss his theories as fringe science, which Santilli, in his turn, describes as a mainstream conspiracy against novel science.[1]


Ruggero Maria Santilli was born in Capracotta and attended high school in Agnone, Province of Isernia, in the Italian region of Molise.[2]

Santilli studied physics at the University of Naples and went on to attend the Graduate School in Physics of the University of Turin, graduating in 1966.[3]

From September 1977 to August 1981 Santilli was a visiting scholar at the Department of Mathematics Harvard University under Department of Energy funding jointly with Shlomo Sternberg.[4] In September 1981 Santilli established the Institute for Basic Research and became its President.[5] Santilli has been the Founder and Chief Scientist ( 2007-2013[6]) of MagneGas Corporation.[7] Currently, Santilli is President of the Institute for Basic Research, Founder and Chief Scientist of Thunder Fusion Corporation.[6]

Santilli is the Founder and the Honorary Editor in Chief of the Hadronic Journal and Algebras, Groups and Geometries published by Hadronic Press.[8][9]


Hadronic mechanics and hadronic chemistry[edit]

Santilli authored the hadronic mechanics, which he claims to be a generalization of quantum mechanics for the interactions of particles at one Fermi mutual distances,[citation needed] and co-authored (with D.D.Shillady) the hadronic chemistry, the corresponding generalization of quantum chemistry.[10]

Magnecule theory[edit]

Santilli claims to have developed novel fuels, named "MagneGas" and "MagneHydrogen".[11][12][13] They are produced by plasma arc gasification of liquid waste.[14] Santilli claims that these fuels are composed of magnecules.[15][16][17] These hypothetical particles are a type of theoretical chemical species proposed by Santilli, distinguished from better-known species by containing a novel type of bond called a "magnecular bond", which he claims consists of atoms held together by magnetic fields which arise from toroidal polarization of their electron orbitals.[17][18] Neither these claims nor the existence of magnecules have been accepted by the scientific community.[citation needed]

In addition to proposing Magnecules as a new kind of chemical structure, Santilli rejects the prevailing view of chemistry as being well-described by quantum mechanics (see quantum chemistry). For example, he argues that the covalent bond is impossible in quantum mechanics, as he cannot conceive of a manner in which two same-charged electrons can come together to cause an attractive interaction.[19]

HHO gas[edit]

Magnecules have also been invoked as an explanation for a purported "HHO gas", which Santilli claims is "a new form of water" produced by electrolysis.[17][20] The name comes from its chemical structure (H × H)–O, claimed by Santilli, where “×” represents a "magnecular bond" and “−” a conventional molecular bond. Santilli claims that these devices produce HHO gas, with a number of unique properties, instead of the usual oxyhydrogen gas, which is simply a mixture of diatomic hydrogen and oxygen gases.

In 2006, Brown University Professor of Engineering Joseph M. Calo wrote in the International Journal of Hydrogen Energy that Santilli's article had "many serious misinterpretations, and misunderstandings of the 'data' presented" and provided "absolutely no scientific evidence" to support HHO gas's existence, and described Santilli's magnecules as pseudo-science.[20]

Martin O. Cloonan, Professor of Chemistry at the Chemistry School of Science, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, published in the same journal used by Calo, a paper stating that the experimental evidence on the HHO gas provided by Santilli is "inconsistent with Calo's claims" and dismissed Calo's comments because of Calo's alleged lack of technical knowledge of the field.[21]

A rebuttal of Calo's claims was also published by a J. V. Kadeisvili claiming that Calo’s comments have no scientific value due to his lack of knowledge of preceding basic measurements, limited knowledge of the technical literature in the field, and the addressing of a draft with evident garbling caused by format conversion.[22] Member of Dutch scientific skepticism society Stichting Skepsis Pepijn van Erp failed to find any credentials of Kadeisvili despite multiple requests, which have led him to believe that there is no such person.[23][24]

Santilli also wrote a rebuttal of Calo's arguments, claiming that Calo did not address the main issue, given by the anomalous melting, alleged by Santilli, of bricks and tungsten by the HHO gas at flame contact without any need of atmospheric oxygen.[25]

Conspiracy theories[edit]

In his book Il Grande Grido: Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A, an Insider's View (Santilli 1984), Santilli claims that in many institutions there is an effective conspiracy to suppress or not investigate novel theories which may conflict with established scientific theories, such as Einstein's theory of relativity. Institutions receive funding and have established entire departments dedicated to long established theories, and so he argues that these same institutions are ill equipped to challenge their own scientific paradigms with new theories. Santilli claimed that a number of scientists, including Nobel Laureates Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg, conspired to stop him from conducting research which might have led to the inapplicability of part of Einstein's theory of relativity while he was at Harvard.[26][27] He has complained that papers he has submitted to peer-reviewed American Physical Society journals were rejected because they were controlled by a group of Jewish physicists led by Steven Weinberg.[28]


Santilli has filed a number of lawsuits related to his scientific ideas, including a lawsuit against the magazine Infinite Energy.[29]

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ Weimar, C. (7 May 2007). "Snubbed By Mainstream, Scientist Sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 2001-02-03. 
  2. ^ Santilli 1984, p. 6
  3. ^ "Prof. R. M. Santilli's CV". The R. M. Santilli Foundation. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  4. ^ Sternberg, S.; Santilli, R. M. (1979). "Integrability conditions for the existence of a Lagrangian in Newtonian mechanics and field theory". Annual Progress Report, 1 Mar. 1978 - 31 May 1979 (Harvard University). Bibcode:1979harv.rept.....S. 
  5. ^ "Curriculum Summary of Prof. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Institute for Basic Research. 5 January 2006. 
  6. ^ a b "Dr. Ruggero Maria Santilli". Thunder Fusion Corporation. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "MagneGas Management Team". MagneGas Corporation. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  8. ^ "Hadronic Journal Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  9. ^ "Algebras, Groups and Geometries Editorial Board". Hadronic Press. Retrieved 2013-11-03. 
  10. ^ p. 2018
  11. ^ "From trash to gas". CNN. 
  12. ^ "Recycling Liquid Wastes and Crude Oil into MagneGas and MagneHydrogen". August 30, 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-02-04. Retrieved 2007-03-02. 
  13. ^ Sterling D. Allan (August 25, 2006). "Interview with Dr. Santilli of MagneGas". Retrieved 2007-03-02. 
  14. ^ Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies, IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
  15. ^ Application of hadronic mechanics, superconductivity and chemistry to new clean fuels and energies (continued), IBR staff. Accessed on line October 25, 2007.
  16. ^ [1], accessed 2007-03-08.[dead link]
  17. ^ a b c Santilli (2006).
  18. ^ R. M. Santilli, A. K. Aringazin; Aringazin (December 20, 2001). "Structure and Combustion of Magnegases". Hadronic Journal (27): p. 299–330. arXiv:physics/0112066. Bibcode:2001physics..12066S. 
  19. ^ [2]
  20. ^ a b J. M. Calo (November 3, 2006). "Comments on "A new gaseous and combustible form of water" by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006: 31(9), 1113–1128)" (PDF). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 32 (9): 1309–1312. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.11.004. 
  21. ^ Cloonan, Martin O. (2008). "A chemist’s view of J.M. Calo’s comments on: ‘‘A new gaseous and combustible form of water’’ by R.M. Santilli (Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 2006:31(9), 1113–1128)" (PDF). International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33: 922–926. 
  22. ^ J. V. Kadeisvili (2008). "Rebuttal of J.M. Calo's comments on R.M. Santilli's HHO paper". International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 33 (2): 918–921. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.10.030. 
  23. ^ "Finding JV Kadeisvili – or Mailing with Ruggero M Santilli ", Pepijn van Erp
  24. ^ "De fantastische wetenschap van Ruggero Santilli" (in Dutch), Klopt Dat Wel?, a Stichting Skepsis magazine
  25. ^ "Denunciation of scientific gangsterism at Brown University with request of termination of the employee J. M. Calo". The Institute for Basic Research. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  26. ^ "The Politics of Science: II Grande Grido Ethical Probe on Einstein's Followers in the U.S.A.-An Insider's View By Ruggcro Maria Santilli Alpha Publishing: 354 pp, $19.50.". The Harvard Crimson. March 20, 1985. 
  27. ^ Farrell, John (6 July 2000). "Did Einstein cheat?". Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  28. ^ H. Lustig (2005). "A proper homage to our Ben". In H. Henry Stroke. Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: 51 (Advances in Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics). Academic Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0120038510. Ruggero Maria Santilli of The Institute for Basic Research, who complained bitterly about the rejection of his papers 'disproving' Einstein's relativity, which he attributed to Jewish domination of APS' journals. 
  29. ^ Weimar, Carrie (May 9, 2007). "Snubbed by mainstream, scrappy scientist sues". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved 29 June 2011.