The station opened on 9 November 1976 as part of the extension of line 13 from Porte de Vanves and Châtillon - Montrouge. It is named after Malakoff and the street of Rue Étienne Dolet, named after Etienne Dolet (1509–1546). He was a printer, humanist and author of Remarks on the Latin language and poetry. He published Clément Marot and François Rabelais. He was convicted of heresy and was strangled and burned in Paris.