Malcolm Henderson

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Malcolm Henderson
Born (1891-06-01)1 June 1891
Died 7 March 1978(1978-03-07) (aged 86)
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army (1909–18)
Royal Air Force (1918–45)
Years of service 1909–45
Rank Air Vice Marshal
Commands held No. 12 Group (1943–44)
No. 13 Group (1942–43)
No. 14 Group (1940–42)
No. 47 Squadron (1922–26)
No. 216 Squadron (1921–22)
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Croix de guerre (France)

Air Vice Marshal Malcolm Henderson, CB, CIE, CBE, DSO (1 June 1891 – 7 March 1978) was a Royal Flying Corps pilot during the First World War and a senior commander in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

Henderson began the First World War as an army private, in the London Scottish battalion, but was commissioned into the Seaforth Highlanders in 1915[1] and seconded to the Royal Flying Corps. In 1916 he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. The citation read:

Second Lieutenant (temporary Lieutenant) Malcolm Henderson, 4th (Ross Highland) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's), Territorial Force, and Royal Flying Corps.

For conspicuous gallantry when, on photographic reconnaissance, his machine was struck by a shell from an enemy anti-aircraft gun. The shell passed through the nacelle of the machine, and took off his left leg just below the knee. In spite of this he succeeded in coming down from 7,000 feet, and landing 3,000 yards behind our line, thus saving his aeroplane and the life of the Observer.[2]

Later that year the French government awarded him the Croix de guerre.[3]

In the 1920s he spent some years in Egypt, commanding first 216 Squadron (with DH.10 aircraft) and then No. 47 Squadron (with DH.9As).

He was Air Officer Commanding No. 14 (Fighter) Group during the Battle of Britain.

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Military offices
Preceded by
Air Vice Marshal Roderic Hill
Air Officer Commanding No. 12 Group
1943–1944
Succeeded by
Air Vice Marshal John Baker
Preceded by
Air Vice Marshal John Oliver Andrews
Air Officer Commanding No. 13 Group
1942–1943
Succeeded by
Air Vice Marshal Stanley Vincent
Preceded by
Group Captain Philip F. Fullard
Air Officer Commanding No. 14 Group
1940–1942
Succeeded by
Air Vice Marshal John D'Albiac