Man of God

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Elisha watches Elijah ascend to heaven (by Gustave Doré)

Man of God is a biblical title of respect applied to prophets and beloved religious leaders. The term appears 78 times in 72 verses of the Bible, in application to up to 13 individuals:

  • Moses (Deut. 33:1; Josh. 14:6; Ps. 90:1; Ezra 3:2; 1 Chron. 23:14; 2 Chron. 30:16) Moses is the only person called “man of God” in the Torah.
  • The angel of the Lord who appeared to Samson's mother (Judges 13:6, 8) whom she may have taken to be a prophet (Leviticus Rabbah 1:1)
  • The man who chastised the Priest Eli (1 Sam. 2:27) whom Sifre identifies as Samuel’s father Elkanah (Sifre to Deut. 342:4)
  • Samuel (1 Sam. 9:6, 7, 8, 10)
  • David (Neh. 12:24, 36; 2 Chron. 8:14)
  • Shemaiah (1 Kings 12:22; 2 Chron. 11:2)
  • The man from Judah who cried out against King Jeroboam of Israel (1 Kings 13:1 (twice), 4, 5, 6 (twice), 7, 8, 11, 12, 14 (twice), 21, 26, 29, 31; 2 Kings 23:16, 17) whom some rabbis identify as Iddo (Sifre to Deut. 342:4; Pesikta de-Rav Kahana 2:85; Zohar 2:64a)
  • Elijah (1 Kings 17:18, 24; 2 Kings 1:9, 10, 11, 12, 13)
  • The man who told King Ahab of Israel that Israel could defeat the Arameans (1 Kings 20:28) whom Sifre identifies as Micah (Sifre to Deut. 342:4), but who from context might also be Elijah
  • Elisha (2 Kings 4:7, 9, 16, 21, 22, 25, 27 (twice), 40, 42; 5:8, 14, 15, 20; 6:6, 9, 10, 15; 7:2, 17, 18, 19; 8:2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 19)
  • Hanan son of Igdaliah (Jer. 35:4)
  • The man who warned King Amaziah of Judah not to go to war (2 Chronicles 25:7, 9 (twice)), whom some rabbis identify as Amoz (Sifre to Deut. 342:4; Seder Olam Rabbah 20)
  • Saint Timothy (1 Timothy 6:11)