Mandarin fish

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This article is about the carnivorous freshwater fish also known as the Chinese perch. For the saltwater aquarium fish also known as the mandarin goby, see mandarinfish.
Mandarin fish
Ауха (китайский окунь) чучело.JPG
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percichthyidae
Genus: Siniperca
Species: S. chuatsi
Binomial name
Siniperca chuatsi
(Basilewsky, 1855)
Synonyms
  • Perca chuatsi Basilewsky, 1855
  • Actenolepis ditmarii Dybowski, 1872

Siniperca chuatsi, the mandarin fish or Chinese perch (Chinese: ), is species of temperate perch native to the Amur and Yangtze basins, and other rivers and lakes in China. Its back is yellow, green, or brown, with many irregular black spots and patches. It has a big mouth and small round scales. This species can reach up to 70 cm (28 in) in total length,[1] and the greatest recorded weight is 10.2 kg (22 lb).[2] It is an inhabitant of rivers, some of which can become quite turbid in the rainy season. It is a specialized feeder on other fishes, particularly those which see poorly in low light.[1] Although it can live in near-freezing water, it only starts feeding when the temperature rises above 15 °C (59 °F) and breeding when it rises above 21 °C (70 °F).[3] The mandarin fish is a commercially important species, as it is a popular food fish and has been widely farmed in its native range since the 20th century.[3] First gaining major popularity during the Tang dynasty (618-907 A.D.), it appears in many Chinese books and poems.[3] The farmed fish are typically pure, but sometimes hybrids between this species and its close relative the golden mandarin fish (S. scherzeri).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Siniperca chuatsi" in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  2. ^ Fishing World Records: Siniperca chuatsi. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c FAO: Siniperca chuatsi (Basilewsky, 1855). Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ Liu, L.; X.-F. Liang; and J. Fang (2017). The optimal stocking density for hybrid of Siniperca chuatsi (♀) × Siniperca scherzeri (♂) mandarin fish fed minced prey fish. Aquaculture Research 48(3): 1342–1345.