Golden mandarin fish

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Golden mandarin fish
Yellow (foreground) and speckled (behind) individuals
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percichthyidae
Genus: Siniperca
Species: S. scherzeri
Binomial name
Siniperca scherzeri
Steindachner, 1892
  • Siniperca scherzeri scherzeri Steindachner, 1892
  • Siniperca chui P. W. Fang & L. T. Chong, 1932
  • Siniperca scherzeri chui P. W. Fang & L. T. Chong, 1932
  • Siniperca kwangsiensis P. W. Fang & L. T. Chong, 1932
  • Siniperca scherzeri kwangsiensis P. W. Fang & L. T. Chong, 1932
  • Siniperca schezeri kichuani H. J. Shih, 1937
  • Siniperca kichuani H. J. Shih, 1937

The golden mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri), also known as the leopard mandarin fish, is a species of temperate perch native to eastern Asia (Korea, China, and Vietnam).[2] This species can reach at least 33.4 cm (1.1 ft) in standard length and 607.3 g (1.34 lb) in weight.[3] It is typically yellowish-brown with blackish-brown speckles ("leopard"), but there are also bright yellow ("golden") individuals, which are particularly prized in Korea[4] and selectively bred in captivity.[5]

It is a commercially important fish, but has declined due to overfishing and habitat loss.[6] It is farmed; typically using pure specimens,[7] but sometimes involving hybrids with the faster-growing mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi).[6] The Koreans organize fishing festivals in the end of April in Danyang City, China, with the aim of catching large specimens.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Huckstorf, V. 2012. Siniperca scherzeri. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. < Archived 2014-06-27 at the Wayback Machine.>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Siniperca scherzeri" in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  3. ^ Shao, Li, Zhang, Lin, Xie, Wu and Wei (2016). Length–weight and length–length relationships of four endemic fish species from the middle reaches of the Yangtze River basin, China. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 32: 1329–1330.
  4. ^ Fishillust: Leopard mandarin fish; Siniperca scherzeri. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ Luo, Yang, Liang, Jin, Lv, Tian, Yuan and Sun (2015). Genetic diversity and genetic structure of consecutive breeding generations of golden mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri Steindachner) using microsatellite markers. Genetics and molecular research 14(3):11348-11355.
  6. ^ a b Liu, L.; X.-F. Liang; and J. Fang (2017). The optimal stocking density for hybrid of Siniperca chuatsi (♀) × Siniperca scherzeri (♂) mandarin fish fed minced prey fish. Aquaculture Research 48(3): 1342–1345.
  7. ^ Yang, Guo, Liang, Tian, Lv, Zhu and Wang (2015). Parentage determination in golden mandarin fish (Siniperca scherzeri) based on microsatellite DNA markers. Aquacult. Int. 23: 499–507.