Manoug Manougian

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Manoug Manougian
Manoug Manougian

April 29, 1935
ResidenceUnited States
Alma mater
Known for
Scientific career

Manoug Manougian is an Armenian scientist, professor, and considered the father of the Lebanese space program. Manougian was born on April 29, 1935 in Jerusalem. He came to the United States in 1956. His parents are Nishan and Sirpouhi Manougian.[1][2][3]

Personal life and education[edit]

Manougian grew up in Jerusalem and was educated at St. George's School, Jerusalem. Manougian won a scholarship to the University of Texas, and he graduated in 1960 with a major in math. Right away, Haigazian College in Beirut was glad to offer him a job teaching both math and physics. The college also made him the faculty advisor for the science club.


Manougian married in 1960 and went to Lebanon to become a teacher at Haigazian College.

Lebanese Space Program[edit]

He founded the Haigazian College Rocket Society in November 1960. With a very limited budget, the society launched a series of rockets to increasing altitudes. It received funding from the Lebanese government and became the Lebanese Rocket Society. He and his students finally launched a suborbital rocket in 1963. The Cedar IV rocket, launched on Lebanese independence day, 21 November 1963 from Dbayeh north of Beirut, reached 90 miles (140 km) and was featured on Lebanese stamps.


He returned to the United States in 1966. Manougian completed a master's degree and doctorate at the University of Texas and continued his academic career in the Department of Mathematics at the University of South Florida. He is currently still a professor in the University's Department of Mathematics at the University. He also acts as an adviser for the University's Society of Aeronautics and Rocketry student society.

Views and politics[edit]

As a member of the Armenian diaspora, he has been known to write editorials advocating awareness about the Armenian Genocide. He is also a co-author and associate producer of a 4-hour documentary called "The Genocide Factor: The Human Tragedy," that aired on PBS. In addition, he vehemently believes that rocketry and science should be pursued for solely peaceful means. Consequentially, he turned down multiple lucrative offers during his time in the Lebanese Rocket Society rather than let his work be used for military purposes.