Manuel Inácio da Silva Alvarenga
|Manuel Inácio da Silva Alvarenga|
Rio de Janeiro
|Alma mater||University of Coimbra|
Manuel Inácio da Silva Alvarenga (1749–1814) was a Brazilian poet. He had a life-long commitment to life-long learning and promoting civic values and educational reforms. Silva Alvarenga edited one of the first newspapers in Brazil, O Patriota.
In the early 1770s, he studied in Rio de Janeiro. Silva Alvarenga was able to attend the University of Coimbra in Portugal in 1776 where he studied law. His father's friends encouraged his poetry and musical talents. After studying in Portugal, he moved back to Brazil, where he was part of the Ouro Preto Arcady. In 1782, he moved to Rio de Janeiro where he taught rhetoric and poetics in the position of Royal Professor.
He became a founding member of the Sociedade Literaria do Rio de Janeiro (Literary Society in Rio de Janeiro) in 1786. The society discussed issues ranging from the French Revolution to religion, where some members challenged religious dogma and claimed that miracles did not exist. Because the society was considered "subversive" he was imprisoned from 1794 to 1797. He died in Rio de Janeiro in 1814.
Silva Alvarenga's poetry follows European Neoclassical aesthetics of the eighteenth century and is considered an Arcadian poet. His work is compared to Tomas Antonio Gonzaga and Claudio Manuel da Costa. Silva Alvarenga, along with other Brazilian Arcadians, have been credited with planting "the roots of a literary culture in a systematic sense" in Brazil.
He was unique among contemporary Brazilian poets in using Brazil's own natural landscape in his work. He rarely included Africans in his own poetry and when he did, his depictions were considered negative by today's standards. Despite his personal background as a person of color, Silva Alvarenga, like many in his time, believed that black people were not "suitable subjects for poetry."
O Desetor das Letras is a satire based on university reforms of 1772.
His series of work, Glaura: poemas eroticos was originally published in Lisbon. Many of the poems are very much part of the pastoral Arcady tradition, however, literary critics have identified "elements which foreshadow Brazilian Romanticism."
- O Desertor das Letras (1774) - heroic-comic poem
- Glaura (1799) – erotic poems
- Daniel, G. Reginald (2012). Macado de Assis: Multiracial Identity and the Brazilian Novelist. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 9780271052465. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
- Gonzalez Echevarría, Roberto; Pupo-Walker, Enrique, eds. (1996). The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature. 3. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 67, 365. ISBN 0521410355. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- Braun, Harald E.; Vollendorf, Lisa (2014). Theorising the Ibero-American Atlantic. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. p. 167. ISBN 9789004258068.
- Schultz, Kirsten (2001). Tropical Versailles: Empire, Monarchy and the Portuguese Royal Court in Rio de Janeiro, 1808-1821. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. pp. 52–55. ISBN 9781135308407.
- Safier, Neil (2009). "A Courier Between Empires: Hipolito da Costa and the Atlantic World". In Bailyn, Bernard; Denault, Patricia L. Soundings in Atlantic History: Latent Structures and Intellectual Currents, 150-1830. Harvard University Press. p. 560. ISBN 9780674032767.
- de Almeida Pereira, Edimilson (1995). "Survey of African-Brazilian Literature". Callaloo. 18 (4): 876. Retrieved 12 July 2015. (subscription required (. ))
- Ferreira, Isabel Cristina Rodrigues (2008). The Dialogue About 'Racial Democracy' Among African-American and Afro-Brazilian Literatures (Dissertation). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. p. 80. Retrieved 12 July 2015.