Marcello Bacciarelli

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Marcello Bacciarelli
Bacciarelli Self-portrait in brown frock coat.jpg
Self-portrait, 1793
Born16 February 1731
Rome, Italy
Died5 January 1818(1818-01-05) (aged 86)
Warsaw, Poland
NationalityPolish-Italian
Known forPainting, drawing
MovementBaroque, Neoclassicism

Marcello Bacciarelli (Italian pronunciation: [marˈtʃɛllo battʃaˈrɛlli]; 16 February 1731 – 5 January 1818) was a Polish-Italian painter of the late-baroque and Neoclassic periods.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Rome, and studied there under Marco Benefial. In 1750, with the recommendation of the architect Gaetano Chiaveri, Marcello was recruited to Dresden in Saxony, where he was employed by Elected King Augustus III of Poland.[1] After the death of King Augustus, Marcello went to Vienna, and thence to Warsaw. In Dresden, he met Bernardo Bellotto and worked with this Italian painter throughout his life. He was recruited by King Stanisław II Augustus in 1768 to become the Director of the newly founded Academy of Arts of Warsaw, as well as director of the Royal Buildings and Estates.

In Dresden, he married Federicka Richter, a woman painter known for miniature portraits. In Vienna, Marcello painted portraits of the imperial family. In Warsaw, he painted a set of portraits depicting nearly all Polish kings, from Bolesław I the Brave to the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Stanisław II Augustus who was also Bacciarelli's patron and admirer. He also made a portrait of Izabela Lubomirska in her wedding gown, that she commissioned years later after her marriage.[2] Bacciarelli was also keen in painting culturally significant scenes from the history of Poland. Following the partitions of Poland and after Napoleon's rise to power he moved to the Duchy of Warsaw, a client state of the First French Empire and died in 1818.

A number of his paintings were painted for King Stanisław II Augustus of Poland and are in the Royal Castle in Warsaw. These include:

  • Strength, Reason, Belief, and Justice, in the Old Audience Chamber
  • The Flourishing of the Arts, Sciences, Agriculture, and Trade on the ceiling of the Old Audience Chamber
  • Rebecca and Eleazar in the King's Bedroom
  • Esther and Ahasuerus in the King's Bedroom

During Bacciarelli's early years in Warsaw, the young Alexander Kucharsky began to train as a painter in his studio.[3] Another notable pupil of Bacciarelli's was Kazimierz Wojniakowski.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bryan, Michael (1886). Robert Edmund Graves, ed. Dictionary of Painters and Engravers, Biographical and Critical (Volume I: A-K). York St. #4, Covent Garden, London; Original from Fogg Library, Digitized May 18, 2007: George Bell and Sons. p. 66.
  1. ^ Catalogue of the Collection of Miniatures the Property of JP Morgan, Volume 3 by GC Williamson (1905).
  2. ^ The Ideal Eighteenth-Century Wedding Gown of Izabela Lubomirska at the Wilanów Palace Museum (accessed 9 November 2011)]
  3. ^ Le peintre KUCHARSKY at museelouisxvii.com (accessed 28 December 2007)