Margarita Emilia Martirena Cal (born 6 June 1966 in Durazno, Uruguay) was a Uruguayan sprinter from 1982 until 1992. She was a South American champion and holds the Uruguayan record in the 4x100 meter relay and the 100 meter dash.
She began running for Sporting Club Uruguay in 1982 and then for Defensor Sporting after the two clubs merged in 1989. Her first international competition was in Caracas in 1984, where she and her team received a silver medal in the 4x400 relay and a bronze medal in the 4x100, breaking national and South American youth records in both. Then in Santa Fe, Argentina, she emerged as South American youth champion in the 4x100 and 4x400 relays. In 1986 she was champion in the 4x100 and 4x400 relays at the ODESUR games in Santiago. She also competed at the Ibero-American Championships in Athletics in Seville in 1990, and came in third in the 4x100 relay, breaking the Uruguayan all-time record in relay. She also broke the all-time Uruguayan record in the 100 meter dash in Montevideo with a time of 11.7 seconds. She competed in the Pan American Games in Indianapolis in 1987 and in Havana in 1991.
Martirena retired from track in 1992. She received her Doctor of Medicine degree in 1993 and specialized in anesthesia. She married in 1995 and, in 1998, emigrated to the United States. She joined Baylor College of Medicine as an anesthesiologist. She is now an anethesiologist at The Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas.
- "Especiales Centenario Sporting 1980s". Defensor Sporting Club. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Tercero en el medallero con 20 Oros". LaRed21 Deportes. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Records Nacionales" (PDF). Confederación Atlética del Uruguay. p. 2. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Especiales Centenario Sporting 1990s". Defensor Sporting Club. Retrieved 25 February 2014.