Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

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Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) is a set of major research fellowships created by the European Union/European Commission to support research in the European Research Area (ERA). The Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions are among Europe's most competitive and prestigious research and innovation fellowships.[1][2]

Established in 1996 as Marie Curie Actions and known since 2014 as Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, they aim to foster the career development and further training of researchers at all career stages. The Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions promote interdisciplinary research and international collaborations, supporting scientists from not only within Europe but also across the globe.

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions are currently financed through the eighth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (called Horizon 2020) and belong to the so-called 'first pillar' of Horizon2020: "Excellent Science." Through this funding scheme, the Research Executive Agency (REA) has devoted over €6 billion to the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions between 2014 and 2020.

Since the launch of the programme in 1996, over 100,000 researchers had received MSCA grants by March 2017.[3][4] To mark this milestone, the European Commission selected thirty highly-promising researchers (who achieved the highest evaluation scores in 2016)[3] to showcase the EU's actions dedicated to excellence and worldwide mobility in research.[5]

The eponymous Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish-French physicist and chemist, and the first female Nobel prize winner. The only person to win a Nobel Prize for contributions in two different sciences (physics and chemistry), she was also the first person — and only woman — to have been awarded a Nobel Prize twice.[6][7]

Types of funding[edit]

Fellowships are awarded by the European Commission across scientific disciplines within the framework of Horizon 2020.

MSCA are grouped into the following schemes:

  • Research Networks (ITN),
  • Individual Fellowships (IF),
  • Research and Innovation Staff Exchanges (RISE),
  • Co-funding of regional, national and international programs involving mobility (COFUND),
  • European Researchers' Night (NIGHT).

Within the framework of Horizon 2020, which runs from 2014 through 2020, MSCA will award €6.16 billion in funding.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1348 talented researchers awarded MSCA Individual Fellowships worth EUR 250 million". euraxess.org. 2018-02-12.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Marie Curie Alumni Association". mariecuriealumni.eu. Archived from the original on 2021-01-13.
  3. ^ a b "European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions: support for 100 000 excellent researchers, with a strong focus on boosting women's careers in science". europa.eu. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  4. ^ "Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions reach 100,000 researchers - Research & Innovation - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  5. ^ "100 000 fellows supported by the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions - Research & Innovation - European Commission". Research & Innovation. Archived from the original on 2017-03-08. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  6. ^ "Nobel Prize for Chemistry: Marie Curie, daughter Irene among five women ever awarded". Hindustan Times. 2020-10-07. Retrieved 2021-11-19.
  7. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2021-11-19.

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