Marie of France, Duchess of Brabant

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Marie
Hendrik Marie.jpg
Duchess of Brabant
Reign 22 April 1213 – 5 September 1235
Born 1198
Died 15 August 1238 (aged 39–40)
Burial St. Peter's Church
Issue Elisabeth, Countess of Cleves
Marie of Brabant
House Capet
Father Philip II of France
Mother Agnes of Merania

Marie (1198–1224) was a daughter of Philip II of France and his disputed third wife Agnes of Merania.[1] She was a member of the House of Capet.

Early life and legitimacy[edit]

In order to marry Agnes, Marie's father Philip had to get a divorce from his neglected second wife Ingeborg of Denmark. Pope Innocent III (1198–1216) refused to grant Philip a divorce. Philip still did remarry though. His first choice was Marguerite of Geneva, but they did not marry. Philip then married Agnes in 1196. Agnes gave birth to Marie and then to her brother, Philip I, Count of Boulogne.

Innocent III declared Philip's marriage to Agnes null and void, as he was still married to Ingeborg.[2] He ordered the King to part from Agnès; when he did not, the Pope placed France under an interdict in 1199.[2] This continued until 7 September 1200.[2] Due to pressure from the Pope and from Ingeborg's brother, King Valdemar II of Denmark (1202–41), Philip finally took Ingeborg back as his Queen in 1213.

Marriages[edit]

Marie's first betrothal was to Prince Alexander of Scotland (future King Alexander II) the pair were only two years of age.[3] Alexander succeeded as King aged sixteen in 1214, his engagement to Marie having been broken off around 1202.

Marie's second betrothal was to Arthur I, Duke of Brittany,[4] who was fighting against John for the Kingdom of England. Marie's father recognised Arthur's rights to many French lands but recognised John as the rightful King of England. Marie and Arthur were betrothed in 1202 but never married due to Arthur's disappearance and supposed death which John was blamed for.

Maries first marriage to Philip I of Namur in 1211, was a diplomatic move by her father, Philip II, to gain control over Flanders and Hainault.[5]

The marriage did not produce children and Philip died in 1212.

With the death of her first husband, Marie was able to remarry. She married April 22, 1213 in Soissons to Henry I, Duke of Brabant.[6] This was a second marriage for them both, Henry had been widowed three years earlier by his first wife Mathilde of Flanders.

The couple had two daughters:

  1. Elizabeth (d. October 23, 1272), married in Leuven March 19, 1233 Count Dietrich of Cleves, Lord of Dinslaken (c. 1214–1244), married 1246 Gerhard II, Count of Wassenberg (d. 1255)
  2. Marie, died young

Marie died on 15 August 1224 and was buried at Affligem Abbey.[7]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pollock 2015, p. 268.
  2. ^ a b c Bradbury 2007, p. 184.
  3. ^ Pollock 2015, p. 28.
  4. ^ Bradbury 2007, p. 179.
  5. ^ Bradbury 1998, p. 284.
  6. ^ Pollock 2015, p. 53.
  7. ^ Verbeke;Milis;Goossens 2005, p. 168.

References[edit]

  • Bradbury, Jim (2007). The Capetians: Kings of France 987-1328. Hambledon Continuum. 
  • Bradbury, Jim (1998). Philip Augustus: King of France 1180-1223. Longman. 
  • Pollock, M.A. (2015). Scotland, England and France after the Loss of Normandy, 1204-1296. The Boydell Press. 
  • Verbeke, Werner; Milis, Ludovicus; Goossens, Jean (2005). Medieval Narrative Sources: A Gateway Into the Medieval Mind. Leuven University Press.