Marilyn T. Miller

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Marilyn Miller is an American pediatric ophthalmologist specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital eye diseases and strabismus.[1] She has held leadership positions in her field, often as the first female in those positions.


Miller graduated from the University of Illinois School of Medicine in 1959, and subsequently completed her internship, ophthalmology residency and fellowship in pediatric ophthalmology at University of Illinois Hospital. She was a student of strabismus expert Eugene R. Folk.[2] Miller received her B.A. in microbiology from Purdue University in 1954 and M.S. in the same subject from the University of Illinois in 1966.

Contributions to medicine[edit]

Miller's contributions include descriptions of ocular findings in Mobius syndrome, Parry-Romberg syndrome, and fetal alcohol syndrome. She described associations of Duane syndrome with craniofacial abnormalities, as well as dyslexia, thalidomide toxicity, and other first-trimester anomalies. In the 1990s, her study of eye motility problems in people affected by thalidomide contributed to research into the causes of autism.[3]

During her long career, Miller became known particularly for her interest in international ophthalmology. Along with administrative and educational work in this area, she has cared for thousands of patients around the world, and particularly in Nigeria.[1]

Dr. Miller has been recognized for decades of care provided to children.[4] She was the first female to serve as president of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus,[5] and also the first female board member of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.[1][6]

Offices held and honors (partial list)[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "UIC Physician Honored By Ophthalmology Society", Medical News Today (2010-09-16).
  2. ^ "DR. EUGENE R. FOLK, 78", Chicago Tribune (2003-03-05): "He was well known as an excellent and experienced teacher and physician and pediatric ophthalmologist said Dr Marilyn Miller a former student and a pediatric ophthalmologist."
  3. ^ Feinstein, Adam. A History of Autism: Conversations with the Pioneers, page 208 (John Wiley and Sons 2010).
  4. ^ Archer, Mary et al. "Genomics pioneer says ophthalmology leads the way in genetic research", Ocular Surgery News (2005-11-15): "Mrs. Blagojevich presented the Gov. Rod R. Blagojevich PATH (People are Today’s Heroes) Award to Marilyn T. Miller, MD. Dr. Miller received the award in recognition of the care she has provided to children for the past 30 years, Mrs. Blagojevich said."
  5. ^ "University of Illinois at Chicago Professor Awarded Howe Medal", Glaucoma Today (October 2010).
  6. ^ "Celebrating Women in Ophthalmology", Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. 116 (September 1998): "In 1988, Dr Marilyn Miller became the first woman to join the board of directors of the American Academy of Ophthalmology."

External links[edit]