Mark Hobson

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For the British boxer, see Mark Hobson (boxer).
Mark Richard Hobson
Mark Hobson.png
Born (1969-09-02) 2 September 1969 (age 46)
Wakefield, West Riding of Yorkshire
Nationality British
Criminal penalty 100 hours Community Service and 2 years Probation
Fined GBP£50
50 hours Community Service
Life imprisonment (4 terms) with a whole life tariff
Criminal status Imprisoned
Conviction(s) Wounding with intent to cause grievous bodily harm and Failing to comply with bail conditions (June 2003)
Breach of the peace (July 2003)
Theft and Deception (February 2004)
Murder - four counts (May 2005)

Mark Richard Hobson (born 2 September 1969) is a British spree killer who killed four people in North Yorkshire, England in July 2004.[1][2] He was arrested after an eight-day nationwide manhunt involving more than 500 police officers and 12 police forces, during which time he was Britain's "most wanted man".[3][4][5][6] Police discovered notes written by Hobson that showed the murders were pre-meditated and well-planned, including a 'to-do' note detailing how he planned to lure his girlfriend's twin sister to his flat and a shopping list for "big bin liners," tape, tie-wraps, fly spray and air freshener.[7] Against his girlfriend's sister's name he had written "use and abuse at will."[8] The list of planned victims also included his girlfriend's parents and the parents of his ex-wife.[7] Hobson was tried for the murders in April 2005. Pleading guilty, he was sentenced to four terms of life imprisonment with a recommendation that he should never be released.[9] This was one of the first times that such a recommendation had been made for someone who had admitted their crime at the first opportunity.[10] He is currently incarcerated at Wakefield Prison, West Yorkshire.

Early life[edit]

Hobson was born at Manygates Maternity Hospital in Wakefield on 2 September 1969.[11] The first family home was located at Norton Street, Wakefield, where Hobson grew up with his parents Peter and Sandra and his two sisters, Melanie and Leslie. They then moved to Woodhouse Road, Eastmoor. His father was a coal miner who had started his career at Walton colliery in 1958 and later become deputy and over-manager at the city's Park Hill colliery until its closure in 1982.[12] The family then moved to the Selby area where Peter Hobson took work at a local coalfield. Hobson's mother worked as a machinist. Hobson's childhood was described by his contemporaries as "happy and stable."[12] He attended Heath View Primary School in Eastmoor, Wakefield, and Staynor High School on Abbots Road, Selby. One of Hobson's teachers recalled him as "very well behaved... so average and ordinary that he was almost anonymous."[12]

Later life[edit]

In 1991 Hobson moved in with his childhood sweetheart and her two children from another relationship. They married in 1993, after the birth of their daughter. Hobson worked at Drax power station and as a landscape gardener. His wife described him as the "perfect husband."[13] In 1998 Hobson registered as a nightclub doorman and began working at "Kans" nightclub in Market Place, Selby.[12] On New Year's Day 1999 he walked out on his family without giving a reason and began using cannabis and drinking heavily.[14] His wife said: "There was no one else involved, he just didn't want married life any more. It was bizarre. I couldn't believe it. He turned to pot and drinking heavily. He never drank when we were married but now he got out of his face. He became like a zombie... His life just went completely off the rails."[13]

Murders[edit]

Claire Sanderson[edit]

During the evening of 10 July 2004 he killed his girlfriend Claire Sanderson, 27, in the flat they shared on Millfield Drive, Camblesforth.[15] She was struck on the head seventeen times with a hammer and strangled, after which Hobson wrapped her body in binbags.[16][17] A plastic bag had also been placed over her head. Subsequent forensic analysis determined that an area of the flat had been cleaned with bleach but Claire had been first attacked in the living room and then taken into the bathroom. There was no evidence of recent sexual activity.[18]

Diane Sanderson[edit]

On 17 July he telephoned Sanderson's twin sister Diane and told her Claire was ill with glandular fever and wanted her to visit. When Diane arrived at the flat that evening she too was beaten with a hammer after being tortured with a disposable razor and scissors and sexually assaulted.[16][17] She had been "hogtied" and her left nipple was completely bitten off.[8][18] Police believe Hobson may have eaten it.[14][19] The cause of her death was determined to be strangulation.[20] Her head was also covered with a plastic bag and ligatures were found on her wrists, ankles and neck. Her pubic hair had been shaved and she had been sexually assaulted.[18]

The twins' mutilated bodies were discovered by Diane's boyfriend on 18 July 2004.

James and Joan Britton[edit]

The next day, he murdered an elderly couple, James and Joan Britton, at their home in the village of Strensall, a few miles north of York.[21]

Arrest and trial[edit]

Hobson was arrested at a petrol station on 25 July 2004, in the village of Shipton-by-Beningbrough, near York, following a nationwide manhunt.[22][23] At his subsequent trial in April 2005, Hobson admitted all four murders.[24] He was sentenced to life imprisonment on 27 May 2005 with a recommendation that he should never be released.[25]

The court was also told that Hobson had stabbed a love rival five times in the chest in a daylight attack in front of shoppers in Selby in 2002, leaving the victim with a punctured lung. Hobson had admitted grievous bodily harm and avoided a prison sentence, instead receiving a community punishment order. This lenient sentence came under much criticism in the light of Hobson's later offending.

Appeal[edit]

Hobson lodged an appeal to have a lower minimum sentence set, claiming that he should have been given a more lenient sentence because he had admitted all four murders at the earliest opportunity. He also claimed that no other murderer who admitted their crimes at the first opportunity had ever been recommended for lifelong imprisonment. This was not true, as a similar recommendation had been imposed on child killers Timothy Morss and Brett Tyler in 1996 even though they had admitted their crimes at the earliest opportunity.[26]

The appeal was turned down by the Court of Appeal when Lord Phillips agreed with the trial judge's recommendation, saying that in his opinion, Hobson should never be released, regardless of a guilty plea, since the murders had been so horrific.[27]

Imprisonment[edit]

Shortly before this court case, Hobson was placed into solitary confinement for three months after attacking Ian Huntley (a former school caretaker convicted of murdering two female pupils at a Cambridgeshire school), and scalding him with a bucket of boiling water. A prison service spokesman said that, due to the nature of high-security prisoners, "it's impossible to prevent incidents of this nature occasionally happening."

In January 2006, letters were released from Wakefield Prison where Hobson blamed alcohol for his killing spree. It had been revealed at Hobson's trial that he was an alcoholic who regularly drank as many as 20 pints a day, and also used other drugs regularly. [28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bunyan, Nigel; Stokes, Paul (1 March 2005). "Killer faces families as he admits deaths of four people". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 11. 
  2. ^ "Downfall of a desperado fuelled by alcohol". The Daily Telegraph. London. 23 July 2004. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ Herbert, Ian (26 July 2004). "Britain's most wanted captured at last". Belfast Telegraph. Belfast. p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Tragic pair shared life and death". Yorkshire Post. Leeds. 19 April 2005. p. 1. 
  5. ^ "We've got him, we've got him". Yorkshire Post. Leeds. 26 July 2004. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Carter, Helen; Wainwright, Martin (26 July 2004). "Hunt ends for most wanted man". The Guardian. London. p. 1. 
  7. ^ a b Keely, Alistair (19 April 2005). "Blade brute had hit-list... and wanted to wipe out the twins' entire family". Daily Record. Glasgow. pp. 8–9. 
  8. ^ a b "Secret hit list of four-time murderer Scribbled notes show he planned to claim more victims". Yorkshire Post. Leeds. 19 April 2005. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Rowley, Tom (16 July 2010). "Whole life tariffs: prisoners who will die behind bars". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 13 July 2011. 
  10. ^ Stokes, Paul (28 May 2005). "Four-times killer will never be released from jail". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 10. 
  11. ^ "'Sweet, innocent face' of Hobson the boy recalled". Yorkshire Post. 23 July 2004. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d O'Hara, Kate; Branagan, Mark (19 April 2005). "Downward spiral into violence and murder". Yorkshire Post. Leeds. p. 1. 
  13. ^ a b Bunyan, Nigel; Stokes, Paul (19 April 2005). "Small town loser who consumed so much pot and booze he was a zombie". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 4. 
  14. ^ a b Craven, Nick; Tozer, James (19 April 2005). "A terrifying hunger for violence, fuelled by cannabis and alcohol". Daily Mail. London. p. 10. 
  15. ^ "House where sisters' bodies were found is put up for sale". Yorkshire Post. Leeds. 16 Nov 2004. p. 1. 
  16. ^ a b Norfolk, Andrew (19 April 2005). "Horrific trail of deadly lover". The Times. London. p. 3. 
  17. ^ a b Brooke, Chris (19 April 2005). "Why Was Monster Free To Kill?". Daily Mail. London. p. 10. 
  18. ^ a b c "Slaughter of the innocents". Western Mail. Cardiff. 19 April 2005. p. 1. 
  19. ^ "Killer of twins and elderly couple may have been planning more murders". Irish Examiner. Cork. 19 April 2005. 
  20. ^ Stokes, Paul (19 April 2005). "Binman went on murder spree because he 'chose wrong twin as his girlfriend'". The Daily Telegraph. London. p. 4. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  21. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/north_yorkshire/4455709.stm
  22. ^ Man hunted for four murders BBC News, 20 July 2004
  23. ^ Hobson is remanded over double murders Telegraph, 6 August 2004
  24. ^ Man pleads guilty to four murders The Guardian, 18 April 2005
  25. ^ Murderer must spend life in jail BBC News, 27 May 2005
  26. ^ Silence as the terrible truth is revealed Telegraph, 18 August 2002
  27. ^ Killer Hobson loses tariff appeal BBC News, 30 November 2005
  28. ^ Small town loser who consumed so much pot and booze he was a zombie Telegraph, 19 April 2005