Martin Kalbfleisch (February 8, 1804 – February 12, 1873) was a pioneer in the chemical industry, mayor of the city of Brooklyn, New York and a United States Representative from New York during the American Civil War.
Born in Flushing, Netherlands, Kalbfleisch attended the public schools where he studied chemistry. At the age of eighteen he embarked with an American captain to engage in trading in Sumatra, but returned on account of cholera. Forming a partnership with an American, he carried on business in Le Havre, France, for four years.
Immigration to the United States
Kalbfleisch immigrated to the United States and settled in New York City in 1826, where he engaged in the manufacture and sale of paints. He was health warden in 1832, school trustee in 1836 and established a chemical factory at Greenpoint in 1844. He was supervisor of Bushwick from 1852 to 1854, and was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of the City of Brooklyn in 1854. He was an alderman in Brooklyn from 1855 to 1861, and mayor from 1862 to 1864.
Kalbfleisch was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress, holding office from March 4, 1863 to March 3, 1865. He voted against the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. He was a delegate to the Union National Convention at Philadelphia in 1866, and was again mayor of Brooklyn from 1867 to 1871. He was an unsuccessful independent candidate for reelection and retired from active pursuits. Kalbfleisch died in Brooklyn. He is interred at Green-Wood Cemetery.
- Randall, David (2011). "The Tale of January 1871". The Brooklyn Historical Society Blog. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- Martin Kalbfleisch at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1892). "Kalbfleisch, Martin". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
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