Martyazo

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Republic of Martyazo

République de Martyazo
1972–1972
Flag of Martyazo
Flag
CapitalNone
GovernmentNone
President 
• 1972
Antoine Serukwavu
History 
• Established
1 May 1972
• Disestablished
9 May 1972
CurrencyBurundian franc (BIF)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Burundi
Burundi
Today part of Burundi

The Republic of Martyazo (French: République de Martyazo) was a secessionist state proclaimed by Hutu rebels in Burundi on 1 May 1972,[1] in Vyanda.[2] The state was located inside the mountainous Vugizo commune, between the Makamba and Lake Nyanza. On 9 May 1972, forces of the Tutsi-dominated government of Michel Micombero occupied the region, ending the rebellion and the existence of Martyazo. The number of people to have perished in the rebellion is believed to have ranged between 800 and 1200.[2]

Academics have dubbed the state "mysterious"[3] and "ephemeral"[4] because of a lack of reliable information on it. Owing to its life span of little more than a week, no formal government structures were ever established in Martyazo. However, Antoine Serukwavu was said to have been president of the state.

The creation of Martyazo and the killing of Prince Ntare V of Burundi were two events that together marked the beginning of the 1972 civil war and genocide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Burundi.html#Martyazo
  2. ^ a b "The Burundi Killings of 1972 | Sciences Po Mass Violence and Resistance - Research Network". www.sciencespo.fr. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
  3. ^ Rene Lemarchand, The Dynamics of Violence in Central Africa, p. 136
  4. ^ Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89-90

Further reading[edit]

  • Jean-Pierre Chrétien & Jean-François Dupaquier, Burundi 1972, au bord des génocides, pp. 89–90.