Mary D. Crisp

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Mary Dent Crisp (November 5, 1923 - March 24, 2007)[1] Crisp was a career-long Republican and a feminist. She was an American Republican leader and rebel who was ousted from her party after publicly opposing its views on abortion rights and the Equal Rights Amendment.[1] Crisp was significant in advancing issues related to women's rights.

Personal life and education[edit]

Mary D. Crisp attended Oberlin College before her political career

Crisp was born on November 5, 1923 in Allentown, Pennsylvania, the 7th child of Elizabeth (Patch) and Harry Dent.[1] In 1946, Crisp graduated with a degree in botany from Oberlin College then studied political science at Arizona State University.[1] In 1948, she married William Crisp. They had three children together, William, Barbara, and Anne. Mary and William divorced in 1976.[1] Mary Dent Crisp had Parkinson's disease and died on March 24, 2007.[1]

Political life[edit]

Crisp was active as a volunteer in politics, which she continued throughout her life. Her political career started in 1961 as a deputy registrar for the campaign of Barry Goldwater.[1] Following this, Crisp was elected to positions within the Republican Party, serving as vice-chair of the Mariposa County Republican Committee from 1968 to 1970,[1] and as vice-chair of Arizona's Republican State Committee from 1971 to 1972.[1] In 1972 she became a Republican National Committeewoman in Arizona.[1] In 1976 Crisp became Secretary of the Republican National Convention. From 1977 to 1980, after working her way up through the Republican Party, she served as Co-Chairwoman of the Republican National Committee. For over 20 years, Crisp was an active member of the Republican Party.

"From 1984 until the mid-1990s, Crisp served as director of a Washington-based political action committee, Business Executives for National Security, a nonpartisan group concerned about the economic effects of the arms race" . [1]

Activism[edit]

In her speech at the 1980 Republican Convention, Crisp publicly challenged and spoke against the Republican Party’s decision to abandon the Equal Rights Amendment and support and abandon their anti-abortion platform.[2] In 1977, she wrote to every Republican in Congress in order to gain support for a bill that would extend the ERA ratification deadline .[3]

1980 Republican Convention, Crisp later challenged against the Republican Party

After Crisp spoke out against the Republican Party, the party chairman, Bill Brock, told her that “[She] should adopt the lowest profile possible,.” Bill Brock ordered her remarks to be deleted from the program of the national nominating convention. In addition, he canceled two convention events that she Crisp was supposed to host.[4] When Mary Crisp endorsed an independent Republican John B. Anderson of Illinois for president, Mary denied endorsing him and arranged with Brock that she would no longer talk to reporters and would not seek re-election of her position. Later, her friends said that Crisp agreed to listen to Brock to protect her staff members from being fired.[4]

An avid supporter of Equal Rights Amendment and abortion rights, Crisp supported pro-choice and women's right to make their own reproductive choices. [2] Crisp also protested the Republican Party's decision to oppose federal funding for abortion. In 1989, the Supreme Court in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, restricted federal funding for abortion[5] Crisp then left her position under pressure from Reagan Operatives.[6] In the same year, Crisp co-founded the National Republican Coalition for Choice, where she served as chair and spokesperson, in response to governments abandonment of the abortion and equal rights.[2]

In addition, she spoke out for federal support for childcare, redressing gender inequities in Social Security, and was against job discrimination.[3]

Shortly afterward, Crisp signed on as campaign manager for John B. Anderson's 1980 presidential run as an independent.[7] She served on boards for numerous political organizations and "fought to return the Republican Party to what she believed were its ideological roots: individual freedom and limited government".[7]Mary devoted her life as an ardent feminist to "promoting issues of women's freedom, opportunity, choice, and peace".[8]

Mary devoted her life to “promoting issues of women’s freedom, opportunity, choice, and peace” .[8]

Accolades and credits[edit]

Speeches and writings[edit]

Crisp made numerous speeches on behalf of the Republican National Committee.[7] The target of most of her speeches were Republican organizations. In addition, Crisp gave speeches campaigning for Republican candidates running for office. After leaving the Republican Party, many of Crisps speeches related to her work for the National Republican Coalition for Choice.[7]

Office wiretapping incident (June 1980)[edit]

In June 1980, the Republican National Committee officials investigated with an electronic inspection of their headquarters to see if it had been bugged. The report was inconclusive that Mary Crisp’s office was used in the wiretapping.[1] However, chairman Brill Brock ordered for the investigation to stop after he found out that a police officer had entered the headquarters before they were there. Nothing was found after the search. The police officer had been sent by Winston Norman, who was the chief of security for the Republican national committee. Later, two electronic experts said that a magnetic field and suspicious wires that were found in Mary Crisp’s office could have been for eavesdropping.[4]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Crisp, Mary Dent, 1923- - Social Networks and Archival Context". snaccooperative.org. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  2. ^ a b "LOS ANGELES TIMES INTERVIEW : Mary Dent Crisp : Can She Sell Pro-Choice to the Republican Party?". Los Angeles Times. 1992-08-16. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  3. ^ a b Rosenfeld, Sam. "How Feminists Became Democrats". POLITICO Magazine. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  4. ^ a b c Huebner, Lee W. (2009), "International Herald Tribune", Encyclopedia of Journalism, SAGE Publications, Inc., doi:10.4135/9781412972048.n199, ISBN 9780761929574
  5. ^ a b "Contraception and Abortion: A Historical Overview", The Politics of Fertility Control: Family Planning and Abortion Policies in the American States, CQ Press, 2001, pp. 20–38, doi:10.4135/9781483345154.n2, ISBN 978-1-889119-39-7
  6. ^ Freeman, Jo (March 1993). "Feminism vs. Family Values: Women at the 1992 Democratic and Republican Conventions". PS: Political Science & Politics. 26 (1): 21–28. doi:10.1017/s1049096500037240. ISSN 1049-0965.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Republican Feminists". Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. 2012-12-13. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  8. ^ a b Williams, Daniel K. (October 2011). "The GOP's Abortion Strategy: Why Pro-Choice Republicans Became Pro-Life in the 1970s". Journal of Policy History. 23 (4): 513–539. doi:10.1017/S0898030611000285. ISSN 1528-4190. S2CID 154353515.
  9. ^ a b c Call, The Morning. "MARY DENT CRISP TO ADDRESS PLANNED PARENTHOOD DINNER". themorningcall.com. Retrieved 2019-12-04.

Further reading[edit]