The identity of Vehe and the writer Glirius, who published Mattanjah (Knowledge of God, 1578) in Cologne, was established by G. E. Lessing. The history of the group including Vehe has been reconsidered by recent scholarship.
He was arrested by the local Church Council with others in 1570, as a dissenter from the Calvinism being introduced by the Elector Palatine. He was at that time deacon at Kaiserslautern. Adam Neuser, later a convert to Islam, eventually escaped with help from Simon Grynaeus. Johannes Sylvan was executed, in 1572. Two others involved were Jacob Suter and Johann Hasler.
He took refuge in Transylvania, teaching at the Unitarian college at Kolozsvár (now Cluj-Napoca, in Romania), where Ferenc Dávid was the head. Others with radical Christian views there were Jacobus Palaeologus and Christian Francken.
Vehe's followers András Eőssi and Simon Péchi founded the Szekler Sabbatarians, after Dávid died in prison in 1579. It has been said that Vehe was primarily responsible (as Faustus Socinus claimed) for the 1581 Defensio Francisci Davidis. By then he had been expelled from Kolozsvár.
He spent most of the rest of his life in Poland, publishing under pseudonyms. He returned to Germany in 1589, was arrested, and died in December 1590.
- Jay I. Solomon, Loving Thy Neighbor as Thyself: The Place of Judaism in the Identity of the English Unitarians (PDF), pp. 42-3.
- Christopher Burchill, The Heidelberg Antitrinitarians (PDF)
- Burchill, p. 127.
- , at p. 88.
- Heinrich Simon von Alpen, The history and literature of the Heidelberg Catechism, and of its introduction into the Netherlands (1863), p. 34.
- "Major dates from the History of the Transylvanian Unitarian Church". Unitarius.hu. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- "Cross and Crescent". Elib.hu. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- "Society and Culture". Mek.niif.hu. Retrieved 2012-11-08.
- Burchill, p. 160.
- Burchill, pp. 130-1.
- Burchill, Christopher J. (1989) The Heidelberg Antitrinitarians. Bibliotheca Dissidentium 11, ed. André Séguenny. Baden-Baden: Editions Valentin Koerner.
- Dán, Róbert (1982), Matthias Vehe-Glirius: Life and Work of a Radical Antitrinitarian with His Collected Writing